Multilevel cervical arthroplasty achieved using the Prestige ST disc can be challenging and often unworkable. An alternative to this system is a hybrid technique composed of alternating total disc replacements (TDRs) and fusions. In the present study, the authors review the safety and radiological outcomes of cervical hybrid arthroplasty in which the Prestige ST disc is used in conjunction with 2 unique fusion techniques.
After obtaining institutional review board approval, the authors completed a retrospective review of all hybrid cervical constructs in which the Prestige ST disc was used between August 2007 and November 2009 at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. A Prestige ST total disc replacement was performed in 119 patients. Thirty-one patients received a hybrid construct defined as a TDR and fusion (TDR–anterior cervical decompression and fusion [ACDF]) or as 2 TDRs separated by a fusion (TDR-ACDF-TDR). A resorbable plate and graft system (Mystique) or stand-alone interbody spacer (Prevail) was implanted at the fusion levels. Plain radiographs were compared and evaluated for cervical lordosis, range of motion, implant complications, development of adjacent-level disease, and pseudarthrosis. In addition, charts were reviewed for clinical complications related to the index surgery.
Thirty-one patients (18 men and 13 women; mean age 50 years, range 32–74 years) received a hybrid construct. All patients were diagnosed with radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. Twenty-four patients received a 2-level and 7 a 3-level hybrid construct. In 2 patients in whom a 2-level hybrid construct was implanted, a noncontiguous TDR was also performed. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up duration was 18 months. There was no significant difference in preoperative (19.3° ± 13.3°) and postoperative (19.7° ± 10.5°) cervical lordosis (p = 0.48), but there was a significant decrease in range in motion (from 50.0° ± 11.8° to 38.9° ± 12.7°) (p = 0.003). There were no instances of screw backout, implant dislodgement, progressive kyphosis, formation of heterotopic bone, pseudarthrosis, or symptomatic adjacent-level disease. Seven patients had dysphasia and 1 patient had vocal cord paralysis at 6 weeks. By 3 months, both the dysphasia and the vocal cord paralysis were resolved in all patients.
Hybrid cervical arthroplasty involving the placement of a Prestige ST disc and either the Mystique resorbable plate or Prevail stand-alone interbody device is a safe and effective alternative to multilevel fusion for the management of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy.