Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 7 of 7 items for

  • Author or Editor: Michael J. Wells x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Michael J. Harrison, Blake G. Welling and Jeffrey J. Dubois

✓ This technical note describes a simple percutaneous mechanism for placement of the atrial end of ventriculoatrial shunts. The method is fast, efficient, and involves no neck dissection. No special equipment is required. Placement involves the technique of central line insertion familiar to all surgeons. This new method has been used successfully in one adult and one pediatric patient.

Restricted access

Samuel L. Barnett, Michael J. Wells, Bruce Mickey and Kimmo J. Hatanpaa

The authors present a case illustrating the importance of obtaining a biopsy of any facial skin lesions in a patient presenting with an intracranial tumor involving the facial or trigeminal nerve. Conventional malignant melanoma metastasizes to the brain frequently and does not usually pose diagnostic difficulties. Direct intracranial spread of cutaneous melanoma is rare. In our patient, desmoplastic melanoma with perineural spread to the Meckel cave mimicked a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor clinically, radiographically, and histologically.

Restricted access

M. Peter Heilbrun, Theodore S. Roberts, Michael L. J. Apuzzo, Trent H. Wells Jr. and James K. Sabshin

✓ The production model of the Brown-Roberts-Wells (BRW) computerized tomography (CT) stereotaxic guidance system is described. Hardware and software modifications to the original prototype now allow the system to be used independently of the CT scanner after an initial scan with the localizing components fixed to the skull. The system is simple and efficient, can be used universally with all CT scanners, and includes a phantom simulator system for target verification. Preliminary experience with 74 patients at two institutions is described. It is concluded that CT stereotaxic guidance systems will become important tools in the neurosurgical armamentarium, as they allow accurate approach to any target identifiable on the CT scan.

Restricted access

Wells I. Mangrum, John Huston III, Michael J. Link, David O. Wiebers, Robyn L. McClelland, Teresa J. H. Christianson and Kelly D. Flemming

Object. Vertebrobasilar nonsaccular intracranial aneurysms (NIAs) are characterized by elongation, dilation, and tortuosity of the vertebrobasilar arteries. The goal of this study was to define the frequency, predictors, and clinical outcome of the enlargement of vertebrobasilar NIAs.

Methods. Patients with vertebrobasilar fusiform or dolichoectatic aneurysms demonstrated on imaging studies between 1989 and 2001 were identified. In particular, patients who had undergone serial imaging were included in this study and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Prospective information was collected from medical records or death certificates when available. Both initial and serial imaging studies were reviewed. The authors defined NIA enlargement as a change in lesion diameter greater than 2 mm or noted on the neuroradiologist's report. A Cox proportional hazards regression was used to model time from diagnosis of the vertebrobasilar NIA to the first documented enlargement as a function of various predictors. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to study patient death as a function of aneurysm growth.

Of the 159 patients with a diagnosis of vertebrobasilar NIA, 52 had undergone serial imaging studies including 25 patients with aneurysm enlargement. Lesion growth significantly correlated with symptomatic compression at the initial diagnosis (p = 0.0028), lesion type (p < 0.001), and the initial maximal lesion diameter (median 15 mm in patients whose aneurysm enlarged compared with median 8 mm in patients whose aneurysm did not enlarge; p < 0.001). The mortality rate was 5.7 times higher in patients with aneurysm growth than in those with no enlargement after adjustment for patient age (p = 0.002).

Conclusions. Forty-eight percent of vertebrobasilar NIAs demonstrated on serial imaging enlarged, and this growth was associated with significant morbidity and death. Significant risk factors for aneurysm enlargement included symptomatic compression at the initial diagnosis, transitional or fusiform vertebrobasilar NIAs, and initial lesion diameter. Further studies are necessary to determine appropriate treatments of this disease entity once enlargement has been predicted or occurs.

Restricted access

Michael D. Jenkinson, Damien C. Weber, Brian J. Haylock, Frances C. Sherratt, Bridget Young, Michael Weller, Helen Bulbeck, Giovanna Culeddu, Dyfrig A. Hughes, Alice Brain, Kumar Das, Matthias Preusser, Priya Francis and Carrol Gamble

Restricted access

Michael D. Jenkinson, Damien C. Weber, Brian J. Haylock, Frances C. Sherratt, Bridget Young, Michael Weller, Helen Bulbeck, Giovanna Culeddu, Dyfrig A. Hughes, Alice Brain, Kumar Das, Matthias Preusser, Priya Francis and Carrol Gamble

Restricted access

James S. Waldron, Steven W. Hetts, Jennifer Armstrong-Wells, Christopher F. Dowd, Heather J. Fullerton, Nalin Gupta and Michael T. Lawton

Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II (MOPD II) is a rare genetic syndrome characterized by extremely small stature and microcephaly, and is associated in 25% of patients with intracranial aneurysms and moyamoya disease. Although aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and stroke are leading causes of morbidity and death in these patients, MOPD II is rarely examined in the neurosurgical literature. The authors report their experience with 3 patients who presented with MOPD II, which includes a patient with 8 aneurysms (the most aneurysms reported in the literature), and the first report of a patient with both moyamoya disease and multiple aneurysms. The poor natural history of these lesions indicates aggressive microsurgical and/or endovascular therapy. Microsurgery, whether for aneurysm clip placement or extracranial-intracranial bypass, is challenging due to tight surgical corridors and diminutive arteries in these patients, but is technically feasible and strongly indicated when multiple aneurysms must be treated or cerebral revascularization is needed.