Distal catheter malfunction due to pseudocyst formation or intraabdominal adhesion is a significant problem, especially in pediatric patients who have limited sites for distal catheter insertion. In this study, the authors present a series of 12 patients with intractable distal shunt malfunctions due to peritoneal pseudocyst formation who underwent distal catheter replacement in the suprahepatic space to reduce the risk of distal catheter malfunction.
Twelve consecutive patients with shunt malfunction due to pseudocyst formation who had undergone ventriculosuprahepatic shunting from 2014 to 2019 were identified. According to medical records, after primary evaluations, shunt removal, and antibiotic therapy, they underwent revision surgeries with placement of a distal catheter into the suprahepatic space.
Nine boys and 3 girls, ranging in age from 5 months to 14 years, with one or more episodes of pseudocyst formation, underwent shunt revision with placement of a distal catheter into the suprahepatic space. After a median follow-up of 31 months, none of the patients experienced further distal malfunction.
The suprahepatic space appears to be a safe place to secure the distal end of a ventricular catheter following pseudocyst formation, with less risk of re-adhesion. This lower risk might be attributable to the lack of omentum in the suprahepatic space.