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Sandra L. Poliachik, Andrew V. Poliakov, Laura A. Jansen, Sharon S. McDaniel, Carter D. Wray, John Kuratani, Russell P. Saneto, Jeffrey G. Ojemann and Edward J. Novotny Jr


Imaging-guided surgery (IGS) systems are widely used in neurosurgical practice. During epilepsy surgery, the authors routinely use IGS landmarks to localize intracranial electrodes and/or specific brain regions. The authors have developed a technique to coregister these landmarks with pre- and postoperative scans and the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) standard space brain MRI to allow 1) localization and identification of tissue anatomy; and 2) identification of Brodmann areas (BAs) of the tissue resected during epilepsy surgery. Tracking tissue in this fashion allows for better correlation of patient outcome to clinical factors, functional neuroimaging findings, and pathological characteristics and molecular studies of resected tissue.


Tissue samples were collected in 21 patients. Coordinates from intraoperative tissue localization were downloaded from the IGS system and transformed into patient space, as defined by preoperative high-resolution T1-weighted MRI volume. Tissue landmarks in patient space were then transformed into MNI standard space for identification of the BAs of the tissue samples.


Anatomical locations of resected tissue were identified from the intraoperative resection landmarks. The BAs were identified for 17 of the 21 patients. The remaining patients had abnormal brain anatomy that could not be meaningfully coregistered with the MNI standard brain without causing extensive distortion.


This coregistration and landmark tracking technique allows localization of tissue that is resected from patients with epilepsy and identification of the BAs for each resected region. The ability to perform tissue localization allows investigators to relate preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative functional and anatomical brain imaging to better understand patient outcomes, improve patient safety, and aid in research.

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Alejandro Tomasello, David Hernandez, Laura Ludovica Gramegna, Sonia Aixut, Roger Barranco Pons, Olav Jansen, Michal Zawadzki, Antonio Lopez-Rueda, Carmen Parra-Fariñas, Carlos Piñana, Lavinia Dinia, Fuat Arikan and Alex Rovira


The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a new noncompletely occlusive net-assisted remodeling technique in which the Cascade net device is used for temporary bridging of intracranial aneurysms.


Between July 2018 and May 2019, patients underwent coil embolization with the Cascade net device within 4 centers in Europe. Analysis of angiographic (modified Raymond-Roy classification [MRRC]) and clinical outcomes data was conducted immediately following treatment and at the 6-month follow-up.


Fifteen patients were included in the study (mean age 58 ± 13 years, 11/15 [73.3%] female). Ten patients had unruptured aneurysms, and 5 presented with ruptured aneurysms with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. The mean aneurysm dome length was 6.27 ± 2.33 mm and the mean neck width was 3.64 ± 1.19 mm. Immediately postprocedure, MRRC type I (complete obliteration) was achieved in 11 patients (73.3%), whereas a type II (residual neck) was achieved in 4 patients (26.7%). Follow-up examination was performed in 7/15 patients and showed stabilization of aneurysm closure with no thromboembolic complications and only 1 patient with an increased MRRC score (from I to II) due to coil compression.


Initial experience shows that the use of a new noncompletely occlusive net-assisted remodeling technique with the Cascade net device may be safe and effective for endovascular coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms.