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Ranbir Ahluwalia, Patrick Bass, Laura Flynn, Elizabeth Martin, Heather Riordan, Alice Lawrence and Robert P. Naftel

Combined dorsal and ventral rhizotomy is an effective treatment for patients with concurrent spasticity and dystonia, with the preponderance of complaints relating to their lower extremities. This operative approach provides definitive relief of hypertonia and should be considered after less-invasive techniques have been exhausted. Previously, the surgery has been described through an L1–S1 laminoplasty. In this series, 7 patients underwent a conus-level laminectomy for performing a lumbar dorsal and ventral rhizotomy. Technical challenges included identifying the appropriate-level ventral roots and performing the procedure in children with significant scoliosis. Techniques are described to overcome these obstacles. The technique was found to be safe, with no infections, CSF leaks, or neurogenic bladders.