Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a well-established, safe, and effective therapeutic alternative to surgical treatment for urolithiasis. Complications of ESWL do occur in a small number of patients, and when they do, they typically involve the kidney. Formation of a spinal epidural hematoma is an extremely rare complication after ESWL for kidney stone removal. The authors present the case of a 61-year-old man in whom a large spinal epidural hematoma developed after ESWL. They discuss the possible pathogenic mechanism of such a complication.
Sang-Bok Lee, Tae-Gyu Lee, Do-Sung Yoo, Pil-Woo Huh and Kyoung-Suok Cho
Seok-Gu Kang, Do Sung Yoo, Kyoung Suok Cho, Dal Soo Kim, Eon Duck Chang, Pil Woo Huh and Moon Chan Kim
✓ Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) associated with Dandy–Walker malformation is a very rare congenital neurodysplasia with the same origin. Primary intracranial melanocytic and dermoid tumors are also benign congenital lesions that usually arise from the leptomeninges and are formed by the inclusion of cutaneous ectoderm at the time of neural tube closure. The authors describe a patient with coexisting intracranial meningeal melanocytoma, NCM with Dandy–Walker malformation, and intraventricular dermoid tumor.