Object. This retrospective study was conducted to analyze the results of one-stage posterior decompression and reconstruction of the cervical spine by using pedicle screw fixation systems in 46 patients.
Methods. Causes of cervical myelopathy in these 46 patients included spondylosis or ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, rheumatoid arthritis, metastatic or primary vertebral tumors, cervical spinal injuries, and spinal cord tumor. Thirty-three patients underwent this one-stage procedure as primary surgery. In the remaining 13 patients who had previously undergone laminectomies, the one-stage procedure was performed as salvage surgery. Cervical pedicle screws were inserted into the pedicles after probing and tapping. Graft bone was placed on the bilateral lateral masses, and pedicle screws were interconnected longitudinally by either plates or rods. Postoperatively, 26 patients showed improved neurological status (at least one grade improvement on Frankel's functional classification). There were no cases of neurological deterioration postoperatively. Solid bony fusion was obtained in all patients, except in seven patients with metastatic tumor who did not receive bone grafts. Correction of kyphosis was satisfactory. Postoperative radiological evaluation revealed that 10 (5.3%) of 190 screws inserted into the cervical vertebrae had perforated the cortex of the pedicles; however, no neurovascular complications were caused by the perforations.
Conclusions. The pedicle screw fixation procedure, which does not require the lamina to be used as a stabilizing anchor, has proven to be valuable when performing one-stage posterior decompressive and reconstructive surgery in the cervical spine. The risk to neurovascular structures in this procedure, however, cannot be completely eliminated. Thorough knowledge of local anatomy and application of established surgical techniques are essential for this procedure.