Megumi Koizumi, Miho Ishimaru, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tatsuya Yamasoba and Hideo Yasunaga
Although sinusitis-induced intracranial complications rarely occur in the current era of antibiotics, they can induce neurological symptoms or death. The authors of this study investigated the association between endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and outcomes in patients who had undergone neurosurgical procedures for sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess.
The authors obtained data on patients with sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess from the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient data for the period from 2010 to 2017. They excluded patients with fungal sinusitis, orbital complications, immunodeficiency, and malignant disease. They also excluded patients who had received antifungal agents, chemotherapy, immunosuppressants, and antidiabetic drugs. Eligible patients were divided into those with and those without neurosurgical procedures. Propensity score–adjusted regression analyses were performed to examine the association between ESS within the same hospitalization and outcomes (mortality, blood transfusion, readmission, revision neurosurgery, and length of stay).
Of the 552 potentially eligible patients, 255 were treated with neurosurgical procedures, including 104 who underwent ESS within the same hospitalization and 151 who did not. ESS was not significantly associated with mortality (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.05–5.81, p = 0.61), blood transfusion (OR 1.95, 95% CI 0.84–4.51, p = 0.12), readmission (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.34–2.16, p = 0.75), revision neurosurgery (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.24–1.74, p = 0.39), or length of stay (percent difference −10.8%, 95% CI −24.4% to 5.1%, p = 0.18).
The present study suggests that ESS may not have significant benefits with respect to reducing mortality, blood transfusion, readmission, revision neurosurgery, or length of stay.
Junichi Ohya, Yasushi Oshima, Hirotaka Chikuda, Takeshi Oichi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Sakae Tanaka and Hideo Yasunaga
Although minimally invasive spinal surgery has recently gained popularity, few nationwide studies have compared the adverse events that occur during endoscopic versus open spinal surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative complications associated with microendoscopic discectomy (MED) and open discectomy for patients with lumbar disc herniation.
The authors retrospectively extracted from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national inpatient database in Japan, data for patients admitted between July 2010 and March 2013. Patients who underwent lumbar discectomy without fusion surgery were included in the analysis, and those with an urgent admission were excluded. The authors examined patient age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, body mass index, smoking status, blood transfusion, duration of anesthesia, type of hospital, and hospital volume (number of patients undergoing discectomy at each hospital). One-to-one propensity score matching between the MED and open discectomy groups was performed to compare the proportions of in-hospital deaths, surgical site infections (SSIs), and major complications, including stroke, acute coronary events, pulmonary embolism, respiratory complications, urinary tract infection, and sepsis. The authors also compared the hospital length of stay between the 2 groups.
A total of 26,612 patients were identified in the database. The mean age was 49.6 years (SD 17.7 years). Among all patients, 17,406 (65.4%) were male and 6422 (24.1%) underwent MED. A propensity score–matched analysis with 6040 pairs of patients showed significant decreases in the occurrence of major complications (0.8% vs 1.3%, p = 0.01) and SSI (0.1% vs 0.2%, p = 0.02) in patients treated with MED compared with those who underwent open discectomy. Overall, MED was associated with significantly lower risks of major complications (OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.43–0.89, p = 0.01) and SSI (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.09–0.87, p = 0.03) than open discectomy. There was a significant difference in length of hospital stay (11 vs 15 days, p < 0.001) between the groups. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality between MED and open discectomy.
The microendoscopic technique was associated with lower risks for SSI and major complications following discectomy in patients with lumbar disc herniation.
Hiroyuki Toi, Keita Kinoshita, Satoshi Hirai, Hiroki Takai, Keijiro Hara, Nobuhisa Matsushita, Shunji Matsubara, Makoto Otani, Keiji Muramatsu, Shinya Matsuda, Kiyohide Fushimi and Masaaki Uno
Aging of the population may lead to epidemiological changes with respect to chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). The objectives of this study were to elucidate the current epidemiology and changing trends of CSDH in Japan. The authors analyzed patient information based on reports using a Japanese administrative database associated with the diagnosis procedure combination (DPC) system.
This study included patients with newly diagnosed CSDH who were treated in hospitals participating in the DPC system. The authors collected data from the administrative database on the following clinical and demographic characteristics: patient age, sex, and level of consciousness on admission; treatment procedure; and outcome at discharge.
A total of 63,358 patients with newly diagnosed CSDH and treated in 1750 DPC participation hospitals were included in this study. Analysis according to patient age showed that the most common age range for these patients was the 9th decade of life (in their 80s). More than half of patients 70 years old or older presented with some kind of disturbance of consciousness. Functional outcomes at discharge were good in 71.6% (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score 0–2) of cases and poor in 28.4% (mRS score 3–6). The percentage of poor outcomes tended to be higher in elderly patients. Approximately 40% of patients 90 years old or older could not be discharged to home. The overall recurrence rate for CSDH was 13.1%.
This study shows a chronological change in the age distribution of CSDH among Japanese patients, which may be affecting the prognosis of this condition. In the aging population of contemporary Japan, patients in their 80s were affected more often than patients in other age categories, and approximately 30% of patients with CSDH required some help at discharge. CSDH thus may no longer have as good a prognosis as had been thought.