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Sarah Nguyen, Kyril L. Cole, Kathleen H. Timme, and Randy L. Jensen

Neurosurgery residents spend a significant amount of their time teaching patients, families, students, residents, and other health professionals. To help ensure competence in their residents’ teaching abilities, many specialties have established formal residents-as-teachers (RAT) curricula; however, such formalized curricula are often lacking in neurosurgery programs. The authors’ goal was to develop and implement a formal RAT curriculum, designed with neurosurgery residents’ other responsibilities in mind, to improve residents’ formal and informal teaching abilities. Here, the authors report on the design of a formalized teaching curriculum tailored for the needs of neurosurgical residents, with a focus on deliberate practice and minimal time needed for preparation. The curriculum, designed using Kern’s 6 steps of curriculum design as a framework, comprises 5 lecture series spread over 3 years, repeated twice through a resident’s training, with each lecture series outlined with its respective topics and objectives. Opportunities for observed teaching as well as informal and formal evaluation will be provided to residents. The program will be evaluated on a yearly basis using direct and anonymized resident feedback on the RAT curriculum. Measures of program success will also include pre- and postprogram medical student and peer evaluation of residents. These data will be used for continual improvement of the curriculum as it is implemented. Successes and shortcomings of this program will be disseminated by publication, presentations, and placement on the authors’ department website and social media. This paper may serve as a foundation for other neurosurgical programs to develop RAT curricula for greater enhancement of resident teaching abilities.