Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 55 items for

  • Author or Editor: John A. Jane Sr x
Clear All Modify Search
Full access

John A. Jane Jr., Charles G. diPierro, Gregory A. Helm, Christopher I. Shaffrey and John A. Jane Sr.

Stenosis of the central and lateral lumbar vertebral canal can be congenital or acquired; the latter is most often caused by a degenerative process. The associated neurogenic claudication and/or radiculopathic symptom complexes are thought to result from compression of the cauda equina and lumbosacral nerve roots by hypertrophy of or encroachment by any combination of the following: canal walls, ligamenta flava, intervertebral discs, posterior longitudinal ligament, or epidural fat.

The authors' technique for the treatment of lumbar stenosis involves extensive unilateral decompression with undercutting of the spinous process and obviates the need for instrumentation by using a contralateral autologous bone fusion. The results in a series of 29 patients in whom the procedure was performed suggest that this decompression method safely and successfully treats not only the radicular symptoms caused by lateral stenosis but also the neurogenic claudication symptoms associated with central stenosis. In addition, the procedure can preserve spinal stability without instrumentation by using contralateral autologous bone fusion along the laminae and spinous processes.

Restricted access

Edward R. Laws Jr., T. Glenn Pait and John A. Jane Sr.

✓ As the first editor of the Journal of Neurosurgery, Louise Eisenhardt, acting with the advice of the editorial board, was responsible for making decisions on the acceptance or rejection of submitted manuscripts. Her log, covering the first 14 years of editorial decisions, is a record of neurosurgical progress and of the forces—scientific, technical and other—that shaped the field of neurosurgery. Any peer-review process is subject to pitfalls that become evident in retrospect, but an effective peer-review process is one of the basic ingredients of scientific progress. The decisions to accept or reject manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Neurosurgery during Eisenhardt's tenure are highlighted in this historical vignette.

Full access

Tord D. Alden, George J. Kaptain, John A. Jane Jr. and John A. Jane Sr.

The use of chymopapain in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation has been widely studied since Smith first described its use in humans in 1963. The authors describe the use of chymopapain intraoperatively in open lumbar microdiscectomy in 63 patients. When combined with the results of a previous study performed at the same institution, the authors found that this technique significantly reduces the rate of recurrent disc herniation when compared with traditional laminotomy with discectomy. This procedure maximizes the benefits of each approach taken separately, allowing for decompression of the nerve root from a free fragment or sequestered disc and preventing recurrence through dissolution of the nucleus pulposus. Overall, outcome was good or excellent immediately postoperatively in 73% of the 63 patients and in 64% at last follow-up evaluation. Additionally, this procedure is safe with no complications noted in the immediate perioperative period or at follow-up evaluation.

Full access

John A. Jane Jr., Kant Y. Lin and John A. Jane Sr.

Sagittal synostosis causes predictable malformations depending on the specific suture location that fuses. Anterior fusion causes frontal bossing, whereas posterior fusion causes an occipital knob. Complete sagittal synostosis results in deformity both anteriorly and posteriorly. Variants of each type exist and therefore surgical correction must be tailored to the individual patient. Examples of the different forms of sagittal synotsosis are discussed, and the various surgical techniques available are detailed.

Full access

Francis R. Johns, John A. Jane Sr. and Kant Y. Lin

The incidence of occipital skull flattening in infants has recently increased, partly as a result of widespread supine positioning to prevent sudden infant death syndrome. The authors discuss the causes and differential diagnosis of posterior skull deformity in this subpopulation of patients and describe their technique for surgical correction of the condition.

Full access

Aaron S. Dumont, Paul T. Boulos, John A. Jane Jr., Dilantha B. Ellegala, Steven A. Newman and John A. Jane Sr.

Fibrous dysplasia is a benign but slowly progressive disorder of bone in which normal cancellous bone is replaced by immature woven bone and fibrous tissue. Significant deformity and both acute and chronic visual impairment can result. A contemporary understanding of fibrous dysplasia, emphasizing the origins of visual impairment, indications for decompressive surgery, and the techniques for correction of the cosmetic deformity are presented.

In their experience and review of the literature, the authors found the most frequent clinical presentations to be exophthalmos, displacement of the globe, abnormalities of extraocular motility, cosmetic deformity, and visual impairment. Although traditionally the cause of visual impairment has been ascribed to impingement of the optic canal on the optic nerve, the authors' experience is that the most common cause of visual loss is cystic degeneration of the tumor, particularly with those involving the anterior clinoid process. Exophthalmos and optic canal stenosis are less common causes of visual impairment. Indications for surgical intervention include acute and/or serially radiographically documented and relentless visual impairment and significant cosmetic deformity. Individualized management strategies are also discussed.

Full access

Paul T. Boulos, Aaron S. Dumont, James W. Mandell and John A. Jane Sr.

Meningiomas are the most frequently occurring benign intracranial neoplasms. Compared with other intracranial neoplasms they grow slowly, and they are potentially amenable to a complete surgical cure. They cause neurological compromise by direct compression of adjacent neural structures. Orbital meningiomas are interesting because of their location. They can compress the optic nerve, the intraorbital contents, the contents of the superior orbital fissure, the cavernous sinus, and frontal and temporal lobes. Because of its proximity to eloquent neurological structures, this lesion often poses a formidable operative challenge. Recent advances in techniques such as preoperative embolization and new modifications to surgical approaches allow surgeons to achieve their surgery-related goals and ultimately optimum patient outcome. Preoperative embolization may be effective in reducing intraoperative blood loss and in improving intraoperative visualization of the tumor by reducing the amount of blood obscuring the field and allowing unhurried microdissection. Advances in surgical techniques allow the surgeon to gain unfettered exposure of the tumor while minimizing the manipulation of neural structures. Recent advances in technology—namely, frameless computer-assisted image guidance—assist the surgeon in the safe resection of these tumors. Image guidance is particularly useful when resecting the osseous portion of the tumor because the tissue does not shift with respect to the calibration frame. The authors discuss their experience and review the contemporary literature concerning meningiomas of the orbit and the care of patients harboring such lesions.

Full access

Aaron S. Dumont and John A. Jane Sr.

Restricted access

W. Jeffrey Elias, M. Beatriz S. Lopes, Wendy L. Golden, John A. Jane Sr. and Federico Gonzalez-Fernandez

✓ Results of recent studies have led investigators to suggest that the retinoblastoma tumor-suppressor (rb) gene plays an underappreciated role in the genesis of brain tumors. Such tumors cause significant rates of mortality in children suffering from hereditary retinoblastoma. It has been assumed that the pineal gland, which is ontogenetically related to the retina, accounts for the intracranial origin of these trilateral neoplasms. To address this issue, the authors describe an unusual trilateral retinoblastoma variant.

The authors provide a detailed clinicopathological correlation by describing the case of a child with bilateral retinoblastoma who died of a medulloblastoma. The intraocular and intracranial neoplasms were characterized by performing detailed imaging, histopathological, and postmortem studies. Karyotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization were used to define the chromosomal defect carried by the patient and members of her family.

An insertion of the q12.3q21.3 segment of chromosome 13 into chromosome 18 at band q23 was identified in members of the patient's family. This translocation was unbalanced in the proband. The intraocular and cerebellar neoplasms were found to be separate primary neoplasms. Furthermore, the pineal gland was normal and the cerebellar neoplasm arose within the vermis as a medulloblastoma. Finally, the two neoplasms had different and characteristically identifiable cytolological and immunohistochemical profiles.

The findings of the present study, taken together with those of recent molecular and transgenic studies, support the emerging concept that rb inactivation is not restricted to central nervous system regions of photoreceptor lineage and that inactivation of this tumor suppressor pathway may be relevant to the determination of etiological factors leading to medulloblastoma in humans.

Full access

K. Michael Webb, George Kaptain, Jonas Sheehan and John A. Jane Sr.

Currently the posterior approach undertaken to perform cervical hemilaminectomy and foraminotomy provides sufficient exposure to treat the majority of lateral soft-disc herniations or osteophytes causing radiculopathy. Limitations imposed by the surgical field, however, often necessitate excessive retraction of the nerve root and epidural venous plexus, which may potentially exacerbate a preexisting radiculopathy or increase intraoperative blood loss. Partial resection of the inferior pedicle augments exposure and enlarges the neural foramen, thus facilitating decompression while minimizing manipulation of the nerve root and epidural venous plexus.

With the patient in the prone position, partial hemilaminectomy and foraminotomy are performed using a high-speed 3-mm diamond burr with continuous irrigation. The thecal sac and nerve root are exposed, and the overlying fibroareolar layer is coagulated and incised. With the nerve root protected and under direct vision, the superomedial portion of the inferior pedicle is removed. Nerve root decompression is then performed through this augmented exposure.

Partial excision of the pedicle allows for more expeditious removal of the pathological elements causing cervical radiculopathy and requires minimal manipulation of the nerve root and epidural venous plexus. This procedure results in a potential decrease in transient postoperative radiculopathy and minimization of intraoperative blood loss. In addition, the resulting foraminal enlargement enhances the decompression provided by traditional foraminotomy, even if discectomy is not performed.