In this paper, the authors' goal was to summarize their experience with the surgical treatment of gliomas arising from the cingulate gyrus.
The authors analyzed preoperative data, surgical strategies, complications, and functional outcome in a series of 34 patients (mean age 42 years, range 12–69 years; 14 females) who underwent 38 operations between May 2001 and November 2008.
In 7 cases (18%) the tumor was located in the posterior (parietal) part of the cingulate gyrus, and in 31 (82%) the tumor was in the anterior (frontal) part. In 10 cases (26%) the glioma was solely located in the cingulate gyrus, and in 28 cases (74%) the tumor extended to the supracingular frontal/parietal cortex. Most cases (23 [61%]) had seizures as the presenting symptom, 8 patients (24%) suffered from a hemiparesis/hemihypesthesia, and 4 patients (12%) had aphasic symptoms.
The authors chose an interhemispheric approach for tumor resection in 11 (29%) and a transcortical approach in 27 (71%) cases; intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring was applied in 23 (61%) and neuronavigation in 15 (39%) cases. A > 90% resection was achieved in 32 (84%) and > 70% in another 5 (13%) cases. Tumors were classified as low-grade gliomas in 11 cases (29%). A glioblastoma multiforme (WHO Grade IV, 10 cases [26%]) and oligoastrocytoma (WHO Grade III, 9 cases [24%]) were the most frequent histopathological results.
Postoperatively, patients in 13 cases suffered from a transient supplementary motor area syndrome (34%), all of whom had tumors in the anterior cingulate gyrus. In the early postoperative period (30 days) a new deficit occurred in 5 cases (13%, mild motor deficits or aphasic symptoms). One patient had a major bleeding episode 2 days after surgery and was in a persistent vegetative state.
Gliomas arising from the cingulate gyrus are rare. A gross-total resection is often possible and acceptably safe; intraoperative monitoring and neuronavigation are helpful adjuncts. In case of resection of gliomas arising from the anterior cingulate gyrus a supplementary motor area syndrome has to be considered, particularly when the tumor extends to the supracingular cortex