Bing Zhou, Qian Huang, Ping-Hung Shen, Shun-Jiu Cui, Cheng-Shuo Wang, Yun-Chuan Li, Zhen-Kun Yu, Xiao-Hong Chen and Ting Ye
This study was undertaken to analyze the results of a novel surgical method—the endoscopic prelacrimal recess approach (PLRA)—in patients with tumors involving the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) and infratemporal fossa (ITF). The surgical technique and indications for this approach are also discussed.
The authors analyzed data from 7 cases involving patients who underwent resection of PPF and ITF tumors by means of the endoscopic PLRA from 2004 to 2013. Preoperative and postoperative imaging studies were available in all cases and were reviewed. The surgical specimens were all confirmed to be schwannomas.
All tumors were completely resected via endoscopic PLRA. There were no recurrences noted over a 28-month follow-up period. In 4 cases, the patients experienced postoperative facial numbness during the first two weeks after surgery, which gradually lessened thereafter. One patient continued to have mild facial numbness at most recent follow-up. The numbness had fully resolved in the other 3 cases.
The intranasal endoscopic removal of schwannoma from PPF and ITF via PLRA can spare the whole lateral nasal wall, resulting in a reduction in morbidity. This is a novel minimally invasive surgical method for PPF and ITF tumors.
Dongming Liu, Jiu Chen, Xinhua Hu, Guanjie Hu, Yong Liu, Kun Yang, Chaoyong Xiao, Yuanjie Zou and Hongyi Liu
This study aimed to explore the contralesional homotopic functional plasticity in the brain of patients with unilateral temporal glioma.
Demographic, neurocognitive, and resting-state functional MRI data were collected from 17 patients with temporal glioma (10 in the right lobe and 7 in the left lobe), along with 14 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) of the contralesional homotopic region and 2 control regions was examined. The region-of-interest–based analysis was used to determine the altered functional connectivity (FC) of the contralesional homotopic region, showing significantly different intrinsic regional brain activity between patients and controls. Partial correlation analysis was conducted to determine the association between the altered neural activity and behavioral characteristics.
Compared with controls, patients with right temporal glioma exhibited significantly increased ALFF in the contralesional homotopic hippocampus and parahippocampal region. In addition, the intrinsic regional activity in these regions was negatively correlated with the visuospatial score (r = −0.718, p = 0.045). Whole-brain FC analysis revealed significantly increased FC between the left hippocampus and parahippocampal regions and the left inferior temporal gyrus, and decreased FC between the left hippocampus and parahippocampal regions and the left inferior frontal gyrus. No significant changes were found in the 2 control regions.
Contralesional homotopic regions are instrumental in the process of neural plasticity and functional compensation observed in patients with unilateral temporal glioma. The observed findings might be used to help preoperative evaluation or rehabilitation of postsurgical patients.