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  • Author or Editor: Jan Frederick Cornelius x
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Michaël Bruneau, Marc Polivka, Jan Frédérick Cornelius and Bernard George

✓ The authors report the unusual case of a 25-year-old man with occipitocervical pain related to a lesion of the C-1 lateral mass. Initially this lesion measured 8 mm and exhibited radiological features of an osteoid osteoma. Seven years later, as pain increased and became unresponsive to antiinflammatory drugs, computerized tomography scanning demonstrated progression to a 16-mm lesion, highly suspicious of an osteoblastoma. After mobilization of the vertebral artery from the C-1 groove, the lesion was completely resected via an anterolateral approach. Complete symptomatic relief, restoration of cervical range of motion and preservation of cervical stability were achieved immediately after surgery, and the results were confirmed at the 4-year follow-up examination. Pathological examination of tissue samples confirmed the diagnosis of osteoblastoma.

Osteoid osteoma rarely evolves to osteoblastoma. Deterioration of a patient's ability to control pain is a warning sign. Insight into such cases underlines the importance of close long-term radiological follow-up examination in patients with conservatively treated osteoid osteomas.

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Jan Frédérick Cornelius, Jean Pierre Saint-Maurice, Damien Bresson, Bernard George and Emmanuel Houdart

Object

In this study the authors compare the clinical outcomes after particle embolization of hemangioblastomas in the cerebellum and spinal cord. They also review the literature of similar cases.

Methods

Seven patients with hemangioblastomas in the spinal cord (four patients) and cerebellum (three patients) underwent preoperative embolization at the authors' center. Magnetic resonance imaging and selective angiography studies as well as histological diagnoses were available in all patients. Embosphere particles (trisacryl gelatin microspheres) were used in all cases. The smallest particle diameter ranged from 100 to 300 μm at the beginning of embolization in all patients.

The outcome of embolization was favorable in patients with spinal cord hemangioblastomas, but it was unfavorable for those with cerebellar hemangioblastomas; acute tumor bleeding and death occurred in all of the latter cases. The outcomes following embolization are very different for these two locations possibly because of the different capillary sizes.

Conclusions

The authors no longer use particle embolization to treat cerebellar hemangioblastomas.