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Harry J. Cloft, David F. Kallmes, Michelle H. Kallmes, Jonas H. Goldstein, Mary E. Jensen, and Jacques E. Dion

Object. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cerebral saccular aneurysms in patients with carotid artery and/or vertebral artery (VA) fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD).

Methods. A metaanalysis was performed using data from 17 previously reported series of patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) and/or VA FMD that included information on the prevalence of cerebral aneurysms. In addition, the authors retrospectively evaluated their own series of 117 patients with ICA and/or VA FMD to determine the prevalence of cerebral aneurysms. The metaanalysis of the 17 earlier series, which included 498 patients, showed a 7.6 ± 2.5% prevalence of incidental, asymptomatic aneurysms in patients with ICA and/or VA FMD. In the authors' series of patients with FMD, 6.3 ± 4.9% of patients harbored an incidental, asymptomatic aneurysm. When the authors' series was combined with those included in the metaanalysis, the prevalence was found to be 7.3 ± 2.2%. The prevalence of aneurysms in the general population would have to be greater than 5.6% for there to be no statistically significant difference (chi-square test, p < 0.05) when compared with this 7.3% prevalence in patients with FMD.

Conclusions. The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms in patients with cervical ICA and/or VA FMD is approximately 7%, which is not nearly as high as the 21 to 51% prevalence that has been previously reported.

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Chifaou Abdallah, Hélène Brissart, Sophie Colnat-Coulbois, Ludovic Pierson, Olivier Aron, Natacha Forthoffer, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Louise Tyvaert, Jacques Jonas, and Louis Maillard

OBJECTIVE

In drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients, the authors evaluated early and late outcomes for decline in visual object naming after dominant temporal lobe resection (TLR) according to the resection status of the basal temporal language area (BTLA) identified by cortical stimulation during stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG).

METHODS

Twenty patients who underwent SEEG for drug-resistant TLE met the inclusion criteria. During language mapping, a site was considered positive when stimulation of two contiguous contacts elicited at least one naming impairment during two remote sessions. After TLR ipsilateral to their BTLA, patients were classified as BTLA+ when at least one positive language site was resected and as BTLA− when all positive language sites were preserved. Outcomes in naming and verbal fluency tests were assessed using pre- and postoperative (means of 7 and 25 months after surgery) scores at the group level and reliable change indices (RCIs) for clinically meaningful changes at the individual level.

RESULTS

BTLA+ patients (n = 7) had significantly worse naming scores than BTLA− patients (n = 13) within 1 year after surgery but not at the long-term evaluation. No difference in verbal fluency tests was observed. When RCIs were used, 5 of 18 patients (28%) had naming decline within 1 year postoperatively (corresponding to 57% of BTLA+ and 9% of BTLA− patients). A significant correlation was found between BTLA resection and naming decline.

CONCLUSIONS

BTLA resection is associated with a specific and early naming decline. Even if this decline is transient, naming scores in BTLA+ patients tend to remain lower compared to their baseline. SEEG mapping helps to predict postoperative language outcome after dominant TLR.