Jacques J. Morcos and Stephan A. Munich
Peter S. Amenta and Jacques J. Morcos
The cerebellopontine angle is the site for a wide-range of neoplastic and vascular pathologies. The retrosigmoid craniotomy remains the primary means by which to gain surgical access to this anatomically complex region. We present our standard technique for the completion of a retrosigmoid craniotomy and the resection of a left-sided vestibular schwannoma. Anatomy pertinent to the approach, including, the transverse and sigmoid sinuses, cranial nerves, and internal auditory canal (IAC) is displayed. Special emphasis is placed on patient positioning, adequate bone removal, and tumor resection. The drilling of the IAC and tumor dissection from the VII-VIII complex is also highlighted. Hearing preservation was achieved.
The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/FFZju5vcBi0.
Jacques J. Morcos
Ashish H. Shah, Anthony C. Wang and Jacques J. Morcos
Superficial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with favorable Spetzler-Martin grading are amenable to primary surgical resection. Careful preoperative workup including preoperative angiograms is essential to identify feeding artery aneurysms and deep venous drainage. The authors present a 37-year-old female who presented with a Spetzler-Martin Grade II right parietal superficial AVM with a 5-mm feeding artery aneurysm from the posterior cerebral artery. Given the risk of hemorrhage, the AVM was resected completely without any complications. On subsequent postoperative angiograms, the feeding artery aneurysm diminished in caliber. Feeding artery aneurysms may regress spontaneously after resection of an AVM due to flow-related changes.
The video can be found here: https://youtu.be/PpwODc9iI3g.
Linda Alberga, Ingrid Menendez, Howard J. Landy, Jacques J. Morcos and Allan D. Levi
The Department of Neurological Surgery at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital's legacy of patient care, teaching, and research in the neurosciences extends over a period of 50 years. The department's founder was Dr. David Reynolds. The subsequent chairman, Dr. Hubert Rosomoff, formed a solid foundation that helped put the department on the map. Drs. Barth Green and Roberto Heros, the immediate past chair and co-chairman, garnered both national and international attention for the department. Dr. Green focused his career on complex spine and spinal cord disorders, and was pivotal in creating the world's largest research center for spinal cord injuries. Dr. Heros is a master educator and pioneer neurovascular surgeon, as well as a former president of several neurosurgical national and international organizations. In aggregate, the department has made major contributions to the foundations of neurosurgery.
Jacques J. Morcos
Ramachandra P. Tummala, Ernesto Coscarella and Jacques J. Morcos
Resection of the petrous temporal bone to various degrees provides different levels of access to lesions of the posterior fossa. Although their nomenclature can be confusing, the numerous variants of the transpetrosal approaches can be classified broadly into anterior and posterior groups. The posterior transpetrosal approaches include the retro-labyrinthine, translabyrinthine, and transcochlear, whereas the ones in the anterior group are extensions of the basic middle fossa approach. Both the anterior and posterior approaches have the potential of exposing the cerebellopontine angle and the petroclival region.
The posterior approaches are based on the standard mastoidectomy and involve resection of the petrous bone to various degrees. This results in progressively increased exposure anteriorly, but comes at the expense of hearing in the translabyrinthine approach and of hearing and facial strength in the transcochlear approach.
In contrast, the middle fossa approaches spare the lateral petrous bone and involve resection of the medial petrous bone to various degrees. All of the middle fossa approaches are designed to preserve hearing. Extensions of the middle fossa approaches involve resection of bone within the Kawase rhomboid and division of the tentorium to provide exposure of the posterior fossa.
Simon Buttrick, Jacques J. Morcos, Mohamed S. Elhammady and Anthony C. Wang
Extradural anterior clinoidectomy is a versatile technique to increase exposure of the sellar and parasellar region. It is of particular use in the resection of clinoidal meningiomas, as sphenoidal and clinoidal hyperostosis can cause compression of the optic nerve. Extradural clinoidectomy follows a series of steps, consisting of (1) unroofing of the superior orbital fissure, (2) unroofing of the optic canal, (3) removal of the optic strut, and (4) removal of the anterior clinoid process. The authors show these steps in detail, as well as their application to the resection of a large clinoidal meningioma.
The video can be found here: https://youtu.be/O1Fcef29ETg.
Seth B. Hayes, Ronald J. Benveniste, Jacques J. Morcos, Mohammad A. Aziz-Sultan and Mohamed Samy Elhammady
Surgical evacuation of nontraumatic, supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) is uncommonly performed, and outcomes are generally poor. On the basis of published experimental data and the authors' anecdotal observations, a retrospective chart review study was performed to test the hypothesis that large decompressive craniectomies (DCs), compared with craniotomies, would improve clinical outcomes after surgical evacuation of SICH. For patients with putaminal SICH, DC was associated with a statistically significant improvement in midline shift, compared with craniotomy. Decompressive craniectomies also resulted in a strong trend toward decreased likelihood of poor neurological outcome (modified Rankin Scale score > 3). For patients with lobar SICH, no associations were found between DC or craniotomy and clinical outcomes. For patients selected to undergo surgical evacuation of putaminal SICH, a DC in addition to surgical evacuation of the hematoma might improve outcome.