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Jacques J. Morcos
Peter S. Amenta and Jacques J. Morcos
The cerebellopontine angle is the site for a wide-range of neoplastic and vascular pathologies. The retrosigmoid craniotomy remains the primary means by which to gain surgical access to this anatomically complex region. We present our standard technique for the completion of a retrosigmoid craniotomy and the resection of a left-sided vestibular schwannoma. Anatomy pertinent to the approach, including, the transverse and sigmoid sinuses, cranial nerves, and internal auditory canal (IAC) is displayed. Special emphasis is placed on patient positioning, adequate bone removal, and tumor resection. The drilling of the IAC and tumor dissection from the VII-VIII complex is also highlighted. Hearing preservation was achieved.
The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/FFZju5vcBi0.
Jacques J. Morcos and Stephan A. Munich
Linda Alberga, Ingrid Menendez, Howard J. Landy, Jacques J. Morcos, and Allan D. Levi
The Department of Neurological Surgery at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital's legacy of patient care, teaching, and research in the neurosciences extends over a period of 50 years. The department's founder was Dr. David Reynolds. The subsequent chairman, Dr. Hubert Rosomoff, formed a solid foundation that helped put the department on the map. Drs. Barth Green and Roberto Heros, the immediate past chair and co-chairman, garnered both national and international attention for the department. Dr. Green focused his career on complex spine and spinal cord disorders, and was pivotal in creating the world's largest research center for spinal cord injuries. Dr. Heros is a master educator and pioneer neurovascular surgeon, as well as a former president of several neurosurgical national and international organizations. In aggregate, the department has made major contributions to the foundations of neurosurgery.
Jacques J. Morcos
Eva M. Wu, David Altshuler, Stephanie H. Chen, and Jacques J. Morcos
Petroclival meningiomas are challenging lesions that can be treated with several surgical approaches. The authors present a 66-year-old woman with a 1.6-cm left petroclival meningioma that was initially observed and then radiated after it grew 8 years later. Despite radiation, the tumor continued to grow to 4 cm; therefore, the patient was referred to the authors’ institution. A left anterior petrosal (Kawase) approach was performed. Postoperatively, the patient had transient cranial nerve IV and VI palsy that improved. The case presentation, surgical anatomy, operative technique, postoperative course, and different surgical approaches are reviewed. The patient gave verbal consent for participating in the surgical video.
The video can be found here: https://stream.cadmore.media/r10.3171/2022.1.FOCVID21259
Turki Elarjani, Nickalus R. Khan, Samir Sur, and Jacques J. Morcos
Approaches to the pineal region are various, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. The authors present a case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with progressive hemiparesis and vertical gaze palsy; she was diagnosed with a midbrain cavernous malformation. The patient underwent an occipital posterior interhemispheric supratentorial transpineal approach with gross-total resection. On long-term follow-up, her symptoms significantly improved. The authors review the regional anatomy and present the operative video. They also discuss the various approaches with their indications, advantages, and disadvantages.
The video can be found here: https://stream.cadmore.media/r10.3171/2021.4.FOCVID2133.
Ramachandra P. Tummala, Ernesto Coscarella, and Jacques J. Morcos
Resection of the petrous temporal bone to various degrees provides different levels of access to lesions of the posterior fossa. Although their nomenclature can be confusing, the numerous variants of the transpetrosal approaches can be classified broadly into anterior and posterior groups. The posterior transpetrosal approaches include the retro-labyrinthine, translabyrinthine, and transcochlear, whereas the ones in the anterior group are extensions of the basic middle fossa approach. Both the anterior and posterior approaches have the potential of exposing the cerebellopontine angle and the petroclival region.
The posterior approaches are based on the standard mastoidectomy and involve resection of the petrous bone to various degrees. This results in progressively increased exposure anteriorly, but comes at the expense of hearing in the translabyrinthine approach and of hearing and facial strength in the transcochlear approach.
In contrast, the middle fossa approaches spare the lateral petrous bone and involve resection of the medial petrous bone to various degrees. All of the middle fossa approaches are designed to preserve hearing. Extensions of the middle fossa approaches involve resection of bone within the Kawase rhomboid and division of the tentorium to provide exposure of the posterior fossa.
Nickalus R. Khan, Clifford S. Brown, Simon Angeli, and Jacques J. Morcos
The authors present the case of a 34-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2) who underwent a left translabyrinthine approach for resection a meningioma, vestibular schwannoma, and placement of an auditory brainstem implant (ABI). They review the preoperative workup, technical nuances of the surgery, and cadaveric dissections with anatomical diagrams, and provide a review on ABIs. The patient remained neurologically intact and had improvement in lip reading when using the ABI device in the postoperative period.
The video can be found here: https://stream.cadmore.media/r10.3171/2021.7.FOCVID2163