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  • Author or Editor: Hiroyuki Hasebe x
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Yuichiro Hisada, Tsutomu Endo, Yoshinao Koike, Masahiro Kanayama, Ryota Suzuki, Ryo Fujita, Katsuhisa Yamada, Akira Iwata, Hiroyuki Hasebe, Hideki Sudo, Norimasa Iwasaki, and Masahiko Takahata

OBJECTIVE

Data regarding risk factors for the progression of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the thoracic spine are scarce. Therefore, in this study, the authors aimed to elucidate the difference in the radiographic progression pattern of OPLL and its risk factors between cervical and thoracic OPLL using longitudinally acquired whole-spine CT scans.

METHODS

Overall, 123 patients with symptomatic OPLL who underwent repeated whole-spine CT examinations, with an average interval of 49 months (at least 3 years) between scans, were retrospectively reviewed. Progression of OPLL was assessed to compare the distribution of OPLL over the entire spine on the initial and final CT scans. Patients were divided into a cervical OPLL (C-OPLL) group and a thoracic OPLL (T-OPLL) group according to the location of the main lesion. The progression pattern of OPLL and its risk factors were compared between the two groups using the Student t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test.

RESULTS

In the C-OPLL group, 15 (22.1%) of 68 patients had OPLL progression, of whom 12 patients (80.0%) had progression only in the cervical spine and 3 patients (20.0%) had progression in multiple regions (cervical and thoracic/lumbar). In the T-OPLL group, 16 (29.1%) of 55 patients had OPLL progression, of which 3 patients (18.8%) had progression only in the thoracic spine and 8 patients (50.0%) had progression in multiple regions. Young age was a common risk factor for OPLL progression regardless of the location of OPLL, and this trend was more pronounced in the T-OPLL group than in the C-OPLL group. High BMI, male sex, and multilevel, severe T-OPLL were identified as independent risk factors for progression of T-OPLL (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.03–1.37; OR 10.5, 95% CI 1.39–81.94; and OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.16–1.45, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

Patients with T-OPLL are predisposed to diffuse progression of OPLL over the entire spine, whereas patients with C-OPLL are likely to have progression in only the cervical spine. Young age and high BMI are significant risk factors for OPLL progression, especially in patients with T-OPLL. Our study highlights the need for continued follow-up in patients with T-OPLL, especially in young patients and those with obesity, for early detection of spinal cord and cauda equina symptoms due to the progression of OPLL throughout the spine.

Open access

Soichiro Fujimura, Kazutoshi Tanaka, Hiroyuki Takao, Takuma Okudaira, Hirokazu Koseki, Akiko Hasebe, Takashi Suzuki, Yuya Uchiyama, Toshihiro Ishibashi, Katharina Otani, Kostadin Karagiozov, Koji Fukudome, Motoharu Hayakawa, Makoto Yamamoto, and Yuichi Murayama

OBJECTIVE

Relationships between aneurysm initiation and hemodynamic factors remain unclear since de novo aneurysms are rarely observed. Most previous computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies have used artificially reproduced vessel geometries before aneurysm initiation for analysis. In this study, the authors investigated the hemodynamic factors related to aneurysm initiation by using angiographic images in patients with cerebral aneurysms taken before and after an aneurysm formation.

METHODS

The authors identified 10 cases of de novo aneurysms in patients who underwent follow-up examinations for existing cerebral aneurysms located at a different vessel. The authors then reconstructed the vessel geometry from the images that were taken before aneurysm initiation. In addition, 34 arterial locations without aneurysms were selected as control cases. Hemodynamic parameters acting on the arterial walls were calculated by CFD analysis.

RESULTS

In all de novo cases, the aneurysmal initiation area corresponded to the highest wall shear stress divergence (WSSD point), which indicated that there was a strong tensile force on the arterial wall at the initiation area. The other previously reported parameters did not show such correlations. Additionally, the pressure loss coefficient (PLc) was statistically significantly higher in the de novo cases (p < 0.01). The blood flow impact on the bifurcation apex, or the secondary flow accompanied by vortices, resulted in high tensile forces and high total pressure loss acting on the vessel wall.

CONCLUSIONS

Aneurysm initiation may be more likely in an area where both tensile forces acting on the vessel wall and total pressure loss are large.