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Megumi Koizumi, Miho Ishimaru, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tatsuya Yamasoba and Hideo Yasunaga


Although sinusitis-induced intracranial complications rarely occur in the current era of antibiotics, they can induce neurological symptoms or death. The authors of this study investigated the association between endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and outcomes in patients who had undergone neurosurgical procedures for sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess.


The authors obtained data on patients with sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess from the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient data for the period from 2010 to 2017. They excluded patients with fungal sinusitis, orbital complications, immunodeficiency, and malignant disease. They also excluded patients who had received antifungal agents, chemotherapy, immunosuppressants, and antidiabetic drugs. Eligible patients were divided into those with and those without neurosurgical procedures. Propensity score–adjusted regression analyses were performed to examine the association between ESS within the same hospitalization and outcomes (mortality, blood transfusion, readmission, revision neurosurgery, and length of stay).


Of the 552 potentially eligible patients, 255 were treated with neurosurgical procedures, including 104 who underwent ESS within the same hospitalization and 151 who did not. ESS was not significantly associated with mortality (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.05–5.81, p = 0.61), blood transfusion (OR 1.95, 95% CI 0.84–4.51, p = 0.12), readmission (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.34–2.16, p = 0.75), revision neurosurgery (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.24–1.74, p = 0.39), or length of stay (percent difference −10.8%, 95% CI −24.4% to 5.1%, p = 0.18).


The present study suggests that ESS may not have significant benefits with respect to reducing mortality, blood transfusion, readmission, revision neurosurgery, or length of stay.

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Junichi Ohya, Yasushi Oshima, Hirotaka Chikuda, Takeshi Oichi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Sakae Tanaka and Hideo Yasunaga


Although minimally invasive spinal surgery has recently gained popularity, few nationwide studies have compared the adverse events that occur during endoscopic versus open spinal surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative complications associated with microendoscopic discectomy (MED) and open discectomy for patients with lumbar disc herniation.


The authors retrospectively extracted from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national inpatient database in Japan, data for patients admitted between July 2010 and March 2013. Patients who underwent lumbar discectomy without fusion surgery were included in the analysis, and those with an urgent admission were excluded. The authors examined patient age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, body mass index, smoking status, blood transfusion, duration of anesthesia, type of hospital, and hospital volume (number of patients undergoing discectomy at each hospital). One-to-one propensity score matching between the MED and open discectomy groups was performed to compare the proportions of in-hospital deaths, surgical site infections (SSIs), and major complications, including stroke, acute coronary events, pulmonary embolism, respiratory complications, urinary tract infection, and sepsis. The authors also compared the hospital length of stay between the 2 groups.


A total of 26,612 patients were identified in the database. The mean age was 49.6 years (SD 17.7 years). Among all patients, 17,406 (65.4%) were male and 6422 (24.1%) underwent MED. A propensity score–matched analysis with 6040 pairs of patients showed significant decreases in the occurrence of major complications (0.8% vs 1.3%, p = 0.01) and SSI (0.1% vs 0.2%, p = 0.02) in patients treated with MED compared with those who underwent open discectomy. Overall, MED was associated with significantly lower risks of major complications (OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.43–0.89, p = 0.01) and SSI (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.09–0.87, p = 0.03) than open discectomy. There was a significant difference in length of hospital stay (11 vs 15 days, p < 0.001) between the groups. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality between MED and open discectomy.


The microendoscopic technique was associated with lower risks for SSI and major complications following discectomy in patients with lumbar disc herniation.

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Ryoji Tauchi, Shiro Imagama, Hidefumi Inoh, Yasutsugu Yukawa, Tokumi Kanemura, Koji Sato, Yoshihito Sakai, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Hisatake Yoshihara, Zenya Ito, Kei Ando, Akio Muramoto, Hiroki Matsui, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Junichi Ukai, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Ryuichi Shinjo, Hiroaki Nakashima, Masayoshi Morozumi and Naoki Ishiguro


Cervical spondylosis that causes upper-extremity muscle atrophy without gait disturbance is called cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA). The distal type of CSA is characterized by weakness of the hand muscles. In this retrospective analysis, the authors describe the clinical features of the distal type of CSA and evaluate the results of surgical treatment.


The authors performed a retrospective review of 17 consecutive cases involving 16 men and 1 woman (mean age 56.3 years) who underwent surgical treatment for the distal type of CSA. The condition was diagnosed on the basis of cervical spondylosis in the presence of muscle impairment of the upper extremity (intrinsic muscle and/or finger extension muscles) without gait disturbance, and the presence of a compressive lesion involving the anterior horn of the spinal cord, the nerve root at the foramen, or both sites as seen on axial and sagittal views of MRI or CT myelography. The authors assessed spinal cord or nerve root impingement by MRI or CT myelography and evaluated surgical outcomes.


The preoperative duration of symptoms averaged 11.8 months. There were 14 patients with impingement of the anterior horn of the spinal cord and 3 patients with both anterior horn and nerve root impingement. Twelve patients were treated with laminoplasty (plus foraminotomy in 1 case), 3 patients were treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, and 2 patients were treated with posterior spinal fixation. The mean manual muscle testing grade was 2.4 (range 1–4) preoperatively and 3.4 (range 1–5) postoperatively. The surgical results were excellent in 7 patients, good in 2, and fair in 8.


Most of the patients in this series of cases of the distal type of CSA suffered from impingement of the anterior horn of the spinal cord, and surgical outcome was fair in about half of the cases.