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Hiroshi Hasegawa, Shoji Bitoh, Hideo Otsuki, Masaaki Fujiwara, Tomio Yamamoto and Yasushi Kobayashi

✓ A case is reported of malignant schwannomatosis (malignant transformation of von Recklinghausen's disease) with catecholamine production in a patient with multiple intracranial aneurysms. The patient had a history of episodic hypertension and elevated levels of catecholamines in the serum and 24-hour urinary excretion. Postmortem examination revealed diffuse central nervous sytem (CNS) dissemination of the tumor from the thoracolumbar spinal malignant schwannoma. A high concentration of catecholamines was demonstrated in the tumor tissue, and histochemical and electron microscopy studies suggested the presence of catecholamines in the cytoplasm of some of the tumor cells. This patient's clinical and radiological features, including severe headache, vomiting, stiff neck, ptosis of the eye ipsilateral to the internal carotid-posterior communicating artery aneurysms, and local arterial narrowing, mimicked those of subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured aneurysm. However, the clinical picture was caused by diffuse CNS dissemination of the tumor, another primary malignant schwannoma of the oculomotor nerve, and intimal fibrous thickening of the arterial wall.

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Mamoru Taneda, Hideo Otsuki, Eiji Kumura and Tateo Sakaguchi

✓ A case documenting the acute phase of intracranial arterial spasm following rupture of an aneurysm arising from the left internal carotid artery is reported. The patient deteriorated due to recurrent hemorrhage while undergoing angiography 12 hours after the initial aneurysm rupture. The acute deterioration was accompanied by dilatation of the ipsilateral pupil and occurred during injection of contrast material. There was delayed filling of the middle cerebral artery complex along with this narrowing. The arterial narrowing was confirmed to have completely disappeared on an angiographic series performed 14 minutes after the first series of films. The etiology of the acute vasospasm is discussed.

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Hideo Otsuki, Susumu Nakatani, Mami Yamasaki, Akira Kinoshita, Fuminori Iwamoto and Naoki Kagawa

✓ The result of combining the ultrasound Coded Excitation method and an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA), the Coded Harmonic Angio (CHA) technique provides arterial images with exceptional spatial, temporal, and contrast resolution that are comparable to those produced by conventional digital subtraction angiography. The authors report on their experience with intraoperative ultrasound arteriography performed using the transdural CHA technique in three patients: one harboring a meningioma, another with a middle cerebral artery aneurysm, and a third with an arteriovenous malformation. The present study demonstrates how intraoperative cerebral ultrasound arteriography can be applied to assess the adequacy of neurovascular procedures without the presence of an experienced operator.