Herwin Speckter, Jose Bido, Giancarlo Hernandez, Diones Rivera Mejía, Luis Suazo, Santiago Valenzuela, Eddy Perez-Then and Peter Stoeter
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters are able to differentiate between meningioma subtypes. The hypothesis that there is a correlation between DTI parameters and the change in tumor size after Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) was analyzed.
DTI parameters were measured using MRI before GKRS in 26 patients with meningiomas. The findings were correlated with the change in tumor size after treatment as measured at the last follow-up (range 12.5–45 months).
Only those meningiomas that showed the highest fractional anisotropy (FA), the lowest spherical index of the tensor ellipsoid (Cs), and the lowest radial diffusivity (RD) either increased or remained stable in terms of volume, whereas all other meningiomas decreased in volume. The correlation between the DTI parameters (correlation values of −0.81 for FA, 0.75 for Cs, 0.66 for RD, and 0.66 for mean diffusivity) and the rate of volume change per month was significant (p ≤ 0.001). Other factors, including original tumor size, prescription dose, and patient age, did not correlate significantly.
Meningiomas that show high FA values—as well as low Cs, low RD, and low mean diffusivity values—do not respond as well to GKRS in comparison with meningiomas with low FA values. This finding might be due to their higher content level of fibrous tissue. In particular, the meningioma with the highest FA value (0.444) considerably increased in volume (by 32.3% after 37 months), whereas the meningioma with the lowest FA value (0.151) showed the highest rate of reduction (3.3% per month) in this study.
Herwin Speckter, Jose Bido, Giancarlo Hernandez, Diones Rivera, Luis Suazo, Santiago Valenzuela, Isidro Miches, Jairo Oviedo, Cesar Gonzalez and Peter Stoeter
The goal of this study was to identify parameters from routine T1- and T2-weighted MR sequences and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) that best predict the volumetric changes in a meningioma after treatment with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS).
In 32 patients with meningioma, routine MRI and DTI data were measured before GKRS. A total of 78 parameters derived from first-level texture analysis of the pretreatment MR images, including calculation of the mean, SD, 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles, and kurtosis and skewness of data in histograms on a voxel-wise basis, were correlated with lesion volume change after a mean follow-up period of 3 years (range 19.5–63.3 months).
Several DTI-derived parameters correlated significantly with a meningioma volume change. The parameter that best predicted the results of GKRS was the 2.5th percentile value of the smallest eigenvalue (L3) of the diffusion tensor (correlation coefficient 0.739, p ≤ 0.001), whereas among the non-DTI parameters, only the SD of T2-weighted images correlated significantly with a tumor volume change (correlation coefficient 0.505, p ≤ 0.05, after correction for family-wise errors using false-detection-rate correction).
DTI-derived data had a higher correlation to shrinkage of meningioma volume after GKRS than data from T1- and T2-weighted image sequences. However, if only routine MR images are available, the SD of T2-weighted images can be used to predict control or possible progression of a meningioma after GKRS.
Monica Mureb, Danielle Golub, Carolina Benjamin, Jason Gurewitz, Ben A. Strickland, Gabriel Zada, Eric Chang, Dušan Urgošík, Roman Liščák, Ronald E. Warnick, Herwin Speckter, Skyler Eastman, Anthony M. Kaufmann, Samir Patel, Caleb E. Feliciano, Carlos H. Carbini, David Mathieu, William Leduc, DCS, Sean J. Nagel, Yusuke S. Hori, Yi-Chieh Hung, Akiyoshi Ogino, Andrew Faramand, Hideyuki Kano, L. Dade Lunsford, Jason Sheehan and Douglas Kondziolka
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic pain condition that is difficult to control with conservative management. Furthermore, disabling medication-related side effects are common. This study examined how stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) affects pain outcomes and medication dependence based on the latency period between diagnosis and radiosurgery.
The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with type I TN at 12 Gamma Knife treatment centers. SRS was the primary surgical intervention in all patients. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, treatment plans, medication histories, and outcomes were reviewed.
Overall, 404 patients were included. The mean patient age at SRS was 70 years, and 60% of the population was female. The most common indication for SRS was pain refractory to medications (81%). The median maximum radiation dose was 80 Gy (range 50–95 Gy), and the mean follow-up duration was 32 months. The mean number of medications between baseline (pre-SRS) and the last follow-up decreased from 1.98 to 0.90 (p < 0.0001), respectively, and this significant reduction was observed across all medication categories. Patients who received SRS within 4 years of their initial diagnosis achieved significantly faster pain relief than those who underwent treatment after 4 years (median 21 vs 30 days, p = 0.041). The 90-day pain relief rate for those who received SRS ≤ 4 years after their diagnosis was 83.8% compared with 73.7% in patients who received SRS > 4 years after their diagnosis. The maximum radiation dose was the strongest predictor of a durable pain response (OR 1.091, p = 0.003). Early intervention (OR 1.785, p = 0.007) and higher maximum radiation dose (OR 1.150, p < 0.0001) were also significant predictors of being pain free (a Barrow Neurological Institute pain intensity score of I–IIIA) at the last follow-up visit. New sensory symptoms of any kind were seen in 98 patients (24.3%) after SRS. Higher maximum radiation dose trended toward predicting new sensory deficits but was nonsignificant (p = 0.075).
TN patients managed with SRS within 4 years of diagnosis experienced a shorter interval to pain relief with low risk. SRS also yielded significant decreases in adjunct medication utilization. Radiosurgery should be considered earlier in the course of treatment for TN.