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Youlin Ge, Dong Liu, Zhiyuan Zhang, Yanhe Li, Yiguang Lin, Guokai Wang, Yongqing Zong and Enhu Liu


The authors retrospectively analyzed the follow-up data in 130 patients with intracranial benign meningiomas after Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS), evaluated the tumor progression-free survival (PFS) rate and neurological function preservation rate, and determined the predictors by univariate and multivariate survival analysis.


This cohort of 130 patients with intracranial benign meningiomas underwent GKRS between May 2012 and May 2015 at the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University. The median age was 54.5 years (range 25–81 years), and women outnumbered men at a ratio of 4.65:1. All clinical and radiological data were obtained for analysis. No patient had undergone prior traditional radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The median tumor volume was 3.68 cm3 (range 0.23–45.78 cm3). A median margin dose of 12.0 Gy (range 10.0–16.0 Gy) was delivered to the tumor with a median isodose line of 50% (range 50%–60%).


During a median follow-up of 36.5 months (range 12–80 months), tumor volume regressed in 37 patients (28.5%), was unchanged in 86 patients (66.2%), and increased in 7 patients (5.4%). The actuarial tumor progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 98%, 94%, and 87% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively, after GKRS. Tumor recurred in 7 patients at a median follow-up of 32 months (range 12–56 months). Tumor volume ≥ 10 cm3 (p = 0.012, hazard ratio [HR] 8.25, 95% CI 1.60–42.65) and pre-GKRS Karnofsky Performance Scale score < 90 (p = 0.006, HR 9.31, 95% CI 1.88–46.22) were independent unfavorable predictors of PFS rate after GKRS. Of the 130 patients, 101 (77.7%) presented with one or more neurological symptoms or signs before GKRS. Neurological symptoms or signs improved in 40 (30.8%) patients, remained stable in 83 (63.8%), and deteriorated in 7 (5.4%) after GKRS. Two (1.5%) patients developed new cranial nerve (CN) deficit. Tumor volume ≥ 10 cm3 (p = 0.042, HR = 4.73, 95% CI 1.06–21.17) and pre-GKRS CN deficit (p = 0.045, HR = 4.35, 95% CI 0.84–22.48) were independent unfavorable predictors for improvement in neurological symptoms or signs. Six (4.6%) patients developed new or worsening peritumoral edema with a median follow-up of 4.5 months (range 2–7 months).


GKRS provided good local tumor control and high neurological function preservation in patients with intracranial benign meningiomas. Patients with tumor volume < 10 cm3, pre-GKRS Karnofsky Performance Scale score ≥ 90, and no pre-GKRS CN deficit (I–VIII) can benefit from stereotactic radiosurgery. It can be considered as the primary or adjuvant management of intracranial benign meningiomas.

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Yanhe Li, Desheng Xu, Zhiyuan Zhang, Yipei Zhang, Dong Liu, Xiaomin Liu, Guokai Wang and Yiguang Lin


The goal of this study was to assess neuroimaging and clinical outcomes in patients harboring brainstem metastases that were treated with the Leksell Gamma Knife.


Twenty-eight patients with brainstem metastases (32 lesions: 8 midbrain, 21 pontine, and 3 medullary) were consecutively treated with GKS. The primary cancer diagnoses in this group included 22 cases of lung cancer, 5 cases of breast cancer, and 1 case of rectal cancer. The median age of the patients was 61 years (range 45–83 years). The median treated lesion volume was 0.78 cm3 (range 0.03–5.6 cm3), and the median GKS margin dose was 16 Gy (range 12–20 Gy). Overall survival in these patients was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


The median survival time was 9 months after GKS (range 2–32 months). Survival was 39.3% at 1 year and 10.7% at 2 years. The tumor control rate in the series was 90.6% (29 of 32 lesions). Development of peritumoral edema occurred in 1 patient after GKS; 4 months after GKS, the edema disappeared.


Gamma Knife surgery using a median margin dose of 16 Gy is a safe and effective local therapy for patients with brainstem metastases.