Intrathecal baclofen has become an invaluable tool to treat spasticity of various etiologies. Children who benefit from intrathecal baclofen are often significantly underweight due to underlying disease pathology, and they lack adequate soft-tissue mass to effectively provide cover to the pump. Thus, in this population, subfascial implantation is favored over the subcutaneous technique in view of the high frequency of wound dehiscence and subsequent explantation of the pump associated with the latter method.
The authors describe and review their unit's adapted subfascial implantation technique that has been performed over a period of 10 years in 182 children. This technique provides better tissue coverage for the pump and has resulted in lowering the risk of complications as compared with the subcutaneous technique.