Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 32 items for

  • Author or Editor: Gerald F. Tuite x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Gerald F. Tuite, Joseph D. Stern, Stephen E. Doran, Stephen M. Papadopoulos, John E. McGillicuddy, Dotun I. Oyedijo, Susan V. Grube, Craig Lundquist, Holly S. Gilmer, M. Anthony Schork, Steven E. Swanson and Julian T. Hoff

✓ All patients who underwent decompressive lumbar laminectomy in the Washtenaw County, Michigan metropolitan area during a 7-year period were studied for the purpose of defining long-term outcome, clinical correlations, and the need for subsequent fusion. Outcome was determined by questionnaire and physical examination from a cohort of 119 patients with an average follow-up evaluation interval of 4.6 years. Patients graded their outcome as much improved (37%), somewhat improved (29%), unchanged (17%), somewhat worse (5%), and much worse (12%) compared to their condition before surgery. Poor outcome correlated with the need for additional surgery, but there were few additional significant correlations. No patient had a lumbar fusion during the study interval.

The outcome after laminectomy was found to be less favorable than previously reported, based on a patient questionnaire administered to an unbiased patient population. Further randomized, controlled trials are therefore necessary to determine the efficacy of lumbar fusion as an adjunct to decompressive lumbar laminectomy.

Restricted access

Outcome after laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis

Part II: Radiographic changes and clinical correlations

Gerald F. Tuite, Stephen E. Doran, Joseph D. Stern, John E. McGillicuddy, Stephen M. Papadopoulos, Craig A. Lundquist, Dotun I. Oyedijo, Susan V. Grube, Holly S. Gilmer, M. Anthony Schork, Steven E. Swanson and Julian T. Hoff

✓ The pre- and postoperative lumbar spine radiographs of 119 patients who underwent decompressive lumbar laminectomy were studied to evaluate radiographic changes and to correlate them with clinical outcome. An accurate and reproducible method was used for measuring pre- and postoperative radiographs that were separated by an average interval of 4.6 years. Levels of the spine that underwent laminectomy showed greater change in spondylolisthesis, disc space angle, and disc space height than unoperated levels. Outcome correlated with radiographic changes at operated and unoperated levels.

This study demonstrates that radiographic changes are greater at operated than at unoperated levels and that some postoperative symptoms do correlate with these changes. Lumbar fusion should be considered in some patients who undergo decompressive laminectomy. The efficacy of and unequivocal indications for lumbar fusion can only be determined from randomized, prospective, controlled trials, however, and these studies have not yet been undertaken.

Restricted access

Gerald F. Tuite, Robert Veres, H. Alan Crockard and Debbie Sell

✓ Knowledge of the role and hazards of transoral surgery has expanded rapidly, but the application of this technique in children has been limited. To assess its usefulness, 27 pediatric patients who underwent transoral surgery between 1985 and 1994 were studied.

Transoral surgery was performed for irreducible anterior neuraxial compression at the craniovertebral junction caused by basilar impression, atlantoaxial subluxation with pseudotumor, or chordoma. The patients ranged in age from 3 to 17 years. Symptomatic presentation varied widely, but 89% had significant neurological deficits before surgery. No patient with normal strength deteriorated after surgery. Of the 16 patients with a preoperative motor deficit, nine improved rapidly, three were unchanged, and four significantly worsened in the perioperative period. Those with mobile atlantoaxial subluxation were most vulnerable to surgically related neurological morbidity.

Twenty-four patients were alive for long-term follow-up study (average 5.7 years, range 1–9.2 years). Of those with preoperative weakness, nine improved one Frankel grade, four remained the same, and one deteriorated from Frankel Grade D to C. Swallowing and speech worsened in five patients; this occurred only after resection of lesions above the foramen magnum (p < 0.05) when rostral pharyngeal disruption resulted in velopharyngeal dysfunction.

This study, unlike previous reviews of pediatric transoral operations, leads the authors to suggest that although transoral surgery can be effective, it also carries a significant risk of neurological injury in patients with symptomatic spinal cord compression and it is also associated with long-term swallowing and speech difficulties.

Restricted access

Gerald F. Tuite, Robert Veres, H. Alan Crockard, David Peterson and Richard D. Hayward

✓ In this report the authors describe a device that consists of a transportable, radiolucent board that couples to a standard halo head ring. The board provides continuous cervical spine immobilization during all phases of acute medical treatment of cervical spine instability, including closed reduction, transport, radiographic imaging, and operative procedures. By combining the advantages of several existing systems, this immobilization device facilitates and improves the safety of comprehensive acute management of cervical spinal instability by eliminating the need for patient transfer from stretcher to radiography machine to operating table. Its radiolucent construction and its compatibility with standard operating tables allow unencumbered surgical access and ample room for biplanar fluoroscopy, thereby also facilitating operative procedures, particularly the placement of internal spinal fixation.

Restricted access

Robert C. Dauser, Gerald F. Tuite and Charles W. McCluggage

✓ A variety of surgical procedures have been proposed for the treatment of moyamoya disease, but few have used the potential of the middle meningeal artery to any great extent. During the period of spontaneous collateral formation, patients with this disease are at risk for the development of transient ischemic attacks and strokes. Surgical treatments aimed at increasing collateral flow to the brain from the external carotid system have included both direct and indirect anastomotic methods. In this report, the authors describe a technique that used the middle meningeal artery circulation as a source of collateral blood supply by inverting dural flaps that are located on a large meningeal vessel, allowing the richly vascularized outer dural surface to contact a large surface area of the ischemic cortex. An extensive degree of revascularization was observed.

Restricted access

Ali Abou Madawi, Adrian T. H. Casey, Guirish A. Solanki, Gerald Tuite, Robert Veres and H. Alan Crockard

✓ Sixty-one patients treated with C1–2 transarticular screw fixation for spinal instability participated in a detailed clinical and radiological study to determine outcome and clarify potential hazards. The most common condition was rheumatoid arthritis (37 patients) followed by traumatic instability (15 patients). Twenty-one of these patients (onethird) underwent either surgical revision for a previously failed posterior fusion technique or a combined anteroposterior procedure. Eleven patients underwent transoral odontoidectomy and excision of the arch of C-1 prior to posterior surgery. No patient died, but there were five vertebral artery (VA) injuries and one temporary cranial nerve palsy. Screw malposition (14% of placements) was comparable to another large series reported by Grob, et al. There were five broken screws, and all were associated with incorrect placement.

Anatomical measurements were made on 25 axis bones. In 20% the VA groove on one side was large enough to reduce the width of the C-2 pedicle, thus preventing the safe passage of a 3.5-mm diameter screw.

In addition to the obvious dangers in patients with damaged or deficient atlantoaxial lateral mass, the following risk factors were identified in this series: 1) incomplete reduction prior to screw placement, accounting for two-thirds of screw complications and all five VA injuries; 2) previous transoral surgery with removal of the anterior tubercle or the arch of the atlas, thus obliterating an important fluoroscopic landmark; and 3) failure to appreciate the size of the VA in the axis pedicle and lateral mass. A low trajectory with screw placement below the atlas tubercle was found in patients with VA laceration.

The technique that was associated with an 87% fusion rate requires detailed computerized tomography scanning prior to surgery, very careful attention to local anatomy, and nearly complete atlantoaxial reduction during surgery.

Restricted access

Amir Ahmadian, Ali A. Baa j, Michael Garcia, Carolyn Carey, Luis Rodriguez, Bruce Storrs and Gerald F. Tuite

The authors present a case of extreme brain herniation encountered during decompressive craniectomy in a 21-month-old boy who suffered a trauma event that necessitated temporary scalp closure in which a sterile silicone sheet was placed. Although the clinical situation is usually expected to lead to brain death or severe disability, the patient's 3-year follow-up examination revealed a highly functional child with a good quality of life. The authors discuss the feasibility and advantages of temporary scalp expansion as a treatment option when extreme brain herniation is encountered during craniotomy.

Free access

Jotham C. Manwaring, Devon Truong, Armen R. Deukmedjian, Carolyn M. Carey, Bruce B. Storrs, Luis F. Rodriguez, Lisa Tetreault and Gerald F. Tuite

The management of newborns with extreme macrocephaly related to hydrocephalus can be difficult; balancing the treatment of severe cranial deformity with optimal hydrocephalus management can be complicated. Excessive CSF drainage can result in significant suture overlap that leads to difficulties in patient positioning, secondary synostosis, and long-term aesthetic complications. Delayed cranial reduction and remodeling procedures carry significant risk, and the aesthetic outcomes have sometimes been poor.

The authors describe a newborn with severe macrocephaly who underwent shunt placement followed by a limited cranial reduction and fixation procedure using an absorbable plate within the 1st week of life. The procedure produced an immediate intracranial volume reduction of 49%. This novel management strategy facilitated patient positioning, simplified hydrocephalus management, and provided an excellent aesthetic outcome.