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Domenico Zacà, Jorge Jovicich, Francesco Corsini, Umberto Rozzanigo, Franco Chioffi and Silvio Sarubbo


Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) represents a promising and cost-effective alternative to task-based fMRI for presurgical mapping. However, the lack of clinically streamlined and reliable rs-fMRI analysis tools has prevented wide adoption of this technique. In this work, the authors introduce an rs-fMRI processing pipeline (ReStNeuMap) for automatic single-patient rs-fMRI network analysis.


The authors provide a description of the rs-fMRI network analysis steps implemented in ReStNeuMap and report their initial experience with this tool after performing presurgical mapping in 6 patients. They verified the spatial agreement between rs-fMRI networks derived by ReStNeuMap and localization of activation with intraoperative direct electrical stimulation (DES).


The authors automatically extracted rs-fMRI networks including eloquent cortex in spatial proximity with the resected lesion in all patients. The distance between DES points and corresponding rs-fMRI networks was less than 1 cm in 78% of cases for motor, 100% of cases for visual, 87.5% of cases for language, and 100% of cases for speech articulation mapping.


The authors’ initial experience with ReStNeuMap showed good spatial agreement between presurgical rs-fMRI predictions and DES findings during awake surgery. The availability of the rs-fMRI analysis tools for clinicians aiming to perform noninvasive mapping of brain functional networks may extend its application beyond surgical practice.

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Richard Ferch, Alberto Pasqualin, Giampietro Pinna, Franco Chioffi and Albino Bricolo

Object. This study was performed to further elucidate technical and patient-specific risk factors for perioperative stroke in patients undergoing temporary arterial occlusion during the surgical repair of their aneurysms.

Methods. One hundred twelve consecutive patients in whom temporary arterial occlusion was performed during surgical repair of an aneurysm were retrospectively analyzed. Confounding factors (inadvertent permanent vessel occlusion and retraction injury) were identified in six cases (5%) and these were excluded from further analysis. The demographics for the remaining 106 patients were analyzed with respect to age, neurological status, aneurysm characteristics, intraoperative rupture, duration of temporary occlusion, and number of occlusive episodes; end points considered were outcome at 3-month follow up and symptomatic and radiological stroke.

Conclusions. Overall 17% of patients experienced symptomatic stroke and 26% had radiological evidence of stroke attributable to temporary arterial occlusion. A longer duration of clip placement, older patient age, a poor clinical grade (Hunt and Hess Grades IV–V), early surgery, and the use of single prolonged clip placement rather than repeated shorter episodes were associated with a higher risk of stroke based on univariate analysis. Intraoperative aneurysm rupture did not affect stroke risk. On multivariate analysis, only poorer clinical grade (p = 0.001) and increasing age (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with symptomatic stroke risk.

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Silvio Sarubbo, Domenico Zacà, Lisa Novello, Luciano Annicchiarico, Francesco Corsini, Umberto Rozzanigo, Franco Chioffi and Jorge Jovicich