✓ Traumatic intracranial aneurysms are rare complications of closed and penetrating head injuries and may also be related to a variety of neurosurgical procedures. The primary goals in the treatment of patients harboring these lesions are early identification and intervention to prevent bleeding. Traumatic aneurysms are fragile, prone to rupture, and represent a challenging subset of vascular lesions for either surgery or endovascular therapy. Surgical approaches to aneurysms located at the pericallosal arteries are associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality than approaches to other supratentorial aneurysms. Current endovascular treatment most often involves occlusion of the parent artery with the potential of added morbidity. The authors present their experience in the endovascular management of traumatic and iatrogenic aneurysms of the pericallosal artery achieved by primary coil embolization with parent vessel preservation. For patients harboring traumatic pericallosal aneurysms with favorable anatomical characteristics, in which the morbidity caused by parent vessel occlusion is not acceptable, endosaccular coil placement may be a valuable option.
José E. Cohen, Gustavo Rajz, Eyal Itshayek, Yigal Shoshan, Felix Umansky, and John M. Gomori
José E. Cohen, Shlomo Constantini, John M. Gomori, Mony Benifla, and Eyal Itshayek
The cone artery, or artery of Desproges-Gotteron, is sometimes seen arising from the internal iliac artery. The authors describe a case of a symptomatic perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the conus medullaris in an 8-year-old boy who presented with a protracted history of urinary difficulty and severe sudden-onset right lumbosciatic pain that evolved to severe paraparesis with compromise of the sphincter muscles. The spinal AVF, which was supplied by the cone artery and a thoracic radiculomedullary artery that joined at the fistula site in a large partially thrombosed varix, was completely occluded with Onyx liquid embolic. The patient's clinical condition improved rapidly after embolization. As shown in this patient, urgent endovascular embolization of spinal AVFs can be very rewarding, even in patients with severe neurological presentation. The artery of Desproges-Gotteron appears to be a rare arterial variation. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first pediatric case of a conal AVF supplied by this artery.
Guy Rosenthal, Alex Furmanov, Eyal Itshayek, Yigal Shoshan, and Vineeta Singh
Development of a noninvasive monitor to assess cerebral oxygenation has long been a goal in neurocritical care. The authors evaluated the feasibility and utility of a noninvasive cerebral oxygenation monitor, the CerOx 3110, which uses near-infrared spectroscopy and ultrasound to measure regional cerebral tissue oxygenation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and compared measurements obtained using this device to those obtained using invasive cerebral monitoring.
Patients with severe TBI admitted to the intensive care unit at Hadassah-Hebrew University Hospital requiring intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring and advanced neuromonitoring were included in this study. The authors assessed 18 patients with severe TBI using the CerOx monitor and invasive advanced cerebral monitors.
The mean age of the patients was 45.3 ± 23.7 years and the median Glasgow Coma Scale score on admission was 5 (interquartile range 3–7). Eight patients underwent unilateral decompressive hemicraniectomy and 1 patient underwent craniotomy. Sixteen patients underwent insertion of a jugular bulb venous catheter, and 18 patients underwent insertion of a Licox brain tissue oxygen monitor. The authors found a strong correlation (r = 0.60, p < 0.001) between the jugular bulb venous saturation from the venous blood gas and the CerOx measure of regional cerebral tissue saturation on the side ipsilateral to the catheter. A multivariate analysis revealed that among the physiological parameters of mean arterial blood pressure, ICP, brain tissue oxygen tension, and CerOx measurements on the ipsilateral and contralateral sides, only ipsilateral CerOx measurements were significantly correlated to jugular bulb venous saturation (p < 0.001).
Measuring regional cerebral tissue oxygenation with the CerOx monitor in a noninvasive manner is feasible in patients with severe TBI in the neurointensive care unit. The correlation between the CerOx measurements and the jugular bulb venous measurements of oxygen saturation indicate that the CerOx may be able to provide an estimation of cerebral oxygenation status in a noninvasive manner.