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Siegal Sadetzki, Pazit Flint-Richter, Tehila Ben-Tal and Dvora Nass

Object. Ionizing radiation is the only established risk factor recognized today in the causation of meningioma. The aim of the present report is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of a large series of 253 patients with radiation-induced meningiomas (RIMs). These parameters were compared with those of 41 patients with meningiomas in whom there was no previous history of irradiation (non-RIM group) and with other series of patients presented in the literature.

Methods. The cases of RIM were recruited from a cohort of appproximately 11,000 individuals who had been treated with ionizing radiation during childhood for tinea capitis and from a group of individuals who, as adults, applied for compensation because of that treatment. The non-RIM group was identified through the Israeli Cancer Registry. Exposure to radiation was carefully validated among all cases of RIM and absence of previous irradiation was verified for all patients in the non-RIM group.

Significantly, a lower patient age at diagnosis, higher prevalence of calvarial tumors, higher proportion of multiple meningiomas, and a nonsignificant higher recurrence rate were observed among patients with RIM compared with the non-RIM group. The mean latency period from date of radiation exposure to development of a meningioma among the RIM group was approximately 36 years.

Conclusions. The findings of this study agree with those of other studies indicating the demographic, clinical, and even genetic variability between RIM and non-RIM cases. The existence of two different subtypes of meningiomas may have profound implications for screening, early diagnosis, and therapy of meningiomas.

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Zvi R. Cohen, Nachshon Knoller, Moshe Hadani, Ben Davidson, Dvora Nass and Zvi Ram

✓ Intratumoral hemorrhage as the presenting symptom of spinal tumors is rare. The authors describe a patient who presented with rapidly progressing paraplegia 24 hours after sustaining a minor traumatic injury of the thoracic spine. Radiological evaluation demonstrated a low-thoracic intradural tumor that was resected and found to be a neurinoma in which severe intra- and peritumoral hemorrhage was revealed. The radiological, surgical, and pathological findings are presented and discussed.

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Zvi Lidar, Yael Mardor, Tali Jonas, Raphael Pfeffer, Meir Faibel, Dvora Nass, Moshe Hadani and Zvi Ram

Object. A minority of patients with recurrent glioblastomas multiforme (GBMs) responds to systemic chemotherapy. The authors investigated the safety and efficacy of intratumoral convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of paclitaxel in patients harboring histologically confirmed recurrent GBMs and anaplastic astrocytomas.

Methods. Fifteen patients received a total of 20 cycles of intratumoral CED of paclitaxel. The patients were observed daily by performing diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to assess the convective process and routine diagnostic MR imaging to identify the tumor response. Effective convection was determined by the progression of the hyperintense signal within the tumor on DW MR images, which corresponded to a subsequent lytic tumor response displayed on conventional MR images. Of the 15 patients, five complete responses and six partial responses were observed, giving a response rate of 73%. The antitumor effect was confirmed by one biopsy and three en bloc resections of tumors, which showed a complete response, and by one tumor resection, which demonstrated a partial response. Lack of convection and a poor tumor response was associated with leakage of the convected drug into the subarachnoid space, ventricles, and cavities formed by previous resections, and was seen in tumors containing widespread necrosis. Complications included transient chemical meningitis in six patients, infectious complications in three patients, and transient neurological deterioration in four patients (presumably due to increased peritumoral edema).

Conclusions. On the basis of our data we suggest that CED of paclitaxel in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas is associated with a high antitumor response rate, although it is associated with a significant incidence of treatment-associated complications. Diffusion-weighted MR images may be used to predict a response by demonstrating the extent of convection during treatment. Optimization of this therapeutic approach to enhance its efficacy and reduce its toxicity should be explored further.