✓ The President of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) reviews the formative history of the major neurosurgical societies, together with their agreement to consolidate their efforts in the joint AANS. As a united group, the Association has been effective in carrying out relations with other professional organizations and with government. Long-range planning is being pursued steadily to increase the role of organized neurosurgery in maintenance of, and improvement in, patient care, education, and research.
Neurosurgery at the crossroads: leadership role of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons
The 1979 AANS presidential address
Donald F. Dohn
Walter J. Levy Jr., Janet Bay and Donald Dohn
✓ The authors present a retrospective analysis of 97 cases of spinal meningioma. Age, sex, tumor location, and clinical presentation are similar to that reported by others. Importantly, even among paraplegic patients, one-third eventually walked. Other findings of note were poor results among those with calcified or recurrent tumors, and a high incidence of invasiveness among the rare epidural lesions. Males do not show the preference for a thoracic location that is found among females, and cervical tumors are almost all anterior to the cord. This last point suggests a different surgical approach in some cases. A large percentage of cases carried other diagnoses before tumor was recognized.
The Cause of “Arachnoid Cyst” of the Cerebellopontine Angle
W. James Gardner, Lawrence J. McCormack and Donald F. Dohn
German Montoya, Charles M. Evarts and Donald F. Dohn
Raymond R. Tubbs, Sanford P. Benjamin and Donald E. Dohn
✓ Epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) has been used to prevent rebleeding in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Although this agent does decrease the frequency of rebleeding, several reports have described thrombotic complications of EACA therapy. These complications have included clinical deterioration and intracranial vascular thrombosis in patients with SAH, arteriolar and capillary fibrin thrombi in patients with fibrinolytic syndromes treated with EACA, or other thromboembolic phenomena. Since intravascular fibrin thrombi are often observed in patients with fibrinolytic disorders, EACA should not be implicated in the pathogenesis of fibrin thrombi in patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation or other “consumption coagulopathies.”
This report describes subtotal infarction of the kidney due to thrombosis of a normal renal artery. This occlusion occurred after EACA therapy in a patient with SAH and histopathological documentation of recurrent SAH. The corresponding clinical event was characterized by marked hypertension and abrupt neurological deterioration.
W. James Gardner, Herbert S. Bell, Pete N. Poolos, Donald F. Dohn and Marta Steinberg
✓ The clinical course of 12 patients who underwent terminal ventriculostomy for syringomyelia is presented. Opening the central canal at the tip of the conus medullaris is a relatively benign procedure that improves the symptoms of syringomyelia and syringobulbia. This canal normally terminates at the tip of the conus, but in each of the 12 surgical specimens it continued into the filum terminale for distances up to 8 cm. In most cases the tip of the conus was located more caudally than normal, indicating some degree of tethering in fetal life. This belief is supported by the fact that the newborn, whose conus is tethered to a lipoma at the sacral level, may develop syringomyelia in adult life.