Object. The authors conducted a double-blind prospective randomized study to determine whether infiltration of Mayfield skull-pin sites with 0.5% bupivacaine, compared with placebo, would prevent hemodynamic stimulation, thus allowing for a reduction in the quantity of anesthetic agents required.
Methods. Thirty patients were randomized into two groups. There was a significant increase in blood pressure (mean systolic blood pressure 10 mm Hg, p = 0.003) in patients in the placebo group compared with that in patients in the bupivacaine group 1 minute after securing the head holder.
Conclusions. The local administration of bupivacaine for anesthetic purposes before skull-pin application may prevent potentially hazardous hemodynamic stimulation.