✓ Early diagnosis and successful management of traumatic carotid artery dissections require a high index of clinical suspicion. The diagnostic study of choice is cerebral arteriography. In this paper, 24 cases of traumatic carotid artery dissection are described. Presenting signs and symptoms include Horner's syndrome, dysphasia, hemiparesis, obtundation, and monoparesis. Patients detected early with mild neurological deficits fared well with treatment, while those with profound neurological deficits and delayed diagnoses had poor outcomes. Aggressive nonsurgical treatment is advocated including anticoagulation therapy for prevention of progressive thrombosis and arterial occlusion and/or distal arterial embolization with resultant cerebral ischemia. Direct surgical thromboendarterectomy is considered to carry high morbidity and mortality rates.
Clarence B. Watridge, Michael S. Muhlbauer and Robbie D. Lowery
Dee J. Canale, Clarence. B. Watridge, Tyler S. Fuehrer and Jon H. Robertson
Neurological surgery was defined as a separate surgical specialty by Harvey Cushing and a few other surgeons, most of whom were trained and influenced by Cushing. One of these, Raphael Eustace Semmes, became the first neurosurgeon in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1912. After World War II, Semmes and his first associate, Francis Murphey, incorporated the Semmes-Murphey Clinic, which has been primarily responsible for the growth of the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, as well as the development of select neurosurgical subspecialties in Memphis area hospitals.
W. Craig Clark, Michael S. Muhlbauer, Clarence B. Watridge and Morris W. Ray
✓ A retrospective analysis of 76 civilian craniocerebral gunshot wounds treated over a 20-month period is presented. The authors report a 62% mortality rate and conclude that the admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score is a valuable prognosticator of outcome. Other important findings were: 1) patients with a GCS score of 3 invariably died, with or without surgical intervention; and 2) the presence of intracranial hematomas, ventricular injury, or bihemispheric wounding was associated with a poor outcome. Standardized methods of data reporting should be adopted in order to allow multicenter trials or comparisons that might lead to management practices that could improve results.
Daniel M. Heiferman, Daphne Li, Joseph C. Serrone, Matthew R. Reynolds, Anand V. Germanwala, Clarence B. Watridge and Adam S. Arthur
Dr. Francis Murphey of the Semmes-Murphey Clinic in Memphis recognized that a focal sacculation on the dome of an aneurysm may be angiographic evidence of a culpable aneurysm in the setting of subarachnoid hemorrhage with multiple intracranial aneurysms present. This has been referred to as a Murphey’s “teat,” “tit,” or “excrescence.” With variability in terminology, misspellings in the literature, and the fact that Dr. Murphey did not formally publish this important work, the authors sought to clarify the meaning and investigate the origins of this enigmatic cerebrovascular eponym.