Object. Circulating blood volume (cBV) is reported to decrease in patients who suffer a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but little is known about the correlation between changes in cBV, and patient clinical condition and time course after SAH, especially during the very acute stage. To determine appropriate management of patients with SAH, the authors measured cBV by using pulse spectrophotometry immediately after patient admission. They also evaluated whether the timing of surgery influenced changes in cBV.
Methods.Circulating blood volume was measured in a total of 73 patients who were divided into the following three groups: Group A (very acute SAH) consisted of 14 SAH cases, Group B (acute SAH) included 34 SAH cases, and Group C (controls) included 25 other neurosurgical cases. All patients in Group A underwent aneurysm clipping within 6 hours after onset of SAH, whereas all patients in Group B underwent aneurysm clipping within 72 hours after onset. Hypervolemic therapy was not performed in patients with SAH.
Before surgery, cBV was significantly lower in patients in Group B than in those in Group C, but there was no significant difference in this parameter when comparing Groups A and C. Although there was a transient drop in cBV in Group B patients for at least 3 days after surgery, there was no significant change in cBV in Group A patients during the study period. None of the Group A patients suffered from symptomatic vasospasm; however, four Group B patients did experience symptomatic vasospasm.
Conclusions. The authors assert that normovolemic fluid management is appropriate for patients who undergo surgery during the very acute stage of SAH, whereas a relatively hypervolemic therapy is necessary for 3 to 5 days after operation to prevent early hypovolemia in patients who undergo surgery during the acute stage of SAH.