Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: Charles S. Haw x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Mustafa K. Başkaya and Roberto C. Heros

Restricted access

Charles S. Haw, Karel terBrugge, Robert Willinsky, and George Tomlinson


The goal of this study was to determine the rates of mortality and morbidity associated with the embolization of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain and to analyze the factors related to embolization-related complications.


The University of Toronto Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group database was reviewed. Three hundred six patients underwent 513 embolization sessions between November 1984 and September 2002. The combined rate of death and any permanent disabling neurological deficit was 3.9% per patient. Location of the AVM in an eloquent part of the brain, presence of a fistula, and a venous deposition of glue were related to complications. A clinically important reduction in the rate of death and disabling morbidity occurred in the second half of the study period.


Embolization of AVMs in the brain is associated with low overall rates of mortality and disabling morbidity.

Restricted access

Charlotte Dandurand, Lily Zhou, Swetha Prakash, Gary Redekop, Peter Gooderham, and Charles S. Haw


The main goal of preventive treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is to avoid the morbidity and mortality associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A comparison between the conservative approach and the surgical approach combining endovascular treatment and microsurgical clipping is currently lacking. This study aimed to conduct an updated evaluation of cost-effectiveness comparing the two approaches in patients with UIA.


A decision tree with a Markov model was developed. Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) associated with living with UIA before and after treatment were prospectively collected from a cohort of patients with UIA at a tertiary center. Other inputs were obtained from published literature. Using Monte Carlo simulation for patients aged 55, 65, and 75 years, the authors modeled the conservative management in comparison with preventive treatment. Different proportions of endovascular and microsurgical treatment were modeled to reflect existing practice variations between treatment centers. Outcomes were assessed in terms of QALYs. Sensitivity analyses to assess the model’s robustness and completed threshold analyses to examine the influence of input parameters were performed.


Preventive treatment of UIAs consistently led to higher utility. Models using a higher proportion of endovascular therapy were more cost-effective. Models with older cohorts were less cost-effective than those with younger cohorts. Treatment was cost-effective (willingness to pay < 100,000 USD/QALY) if the annual rupture risk exceeded a threshold between 0.8% and 1.9% in various models based on the proportion of endovascular treatment and cohort age. A higher proportion of endovascular treatments and younger age lowered this threshold, making the treatment of aneurysms with a lower risk of rupture more cost-effective.


Preventive treatment of aneurysms led to higher utility compared with conservative management. Models with a higher proportion of endovascular treatment and younger patient age were most cost-effective.