✓ The authors evaluated the role of titanium mesh used in combination with vascularized pericranium to provide rigid support during reconstruction of anterior skull base defects.
Thirteen patients with large anterior skull base defects caused by tumor invasion or traumatic injury involving the cribriform plate, orbital roof, and planum sphenoidale were included in the study. The reconstruction technique involved placement of titanium mesh between two layers of continuous vascularized pericranium. Surgical glue and routine lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage were not used in any patient.
At a mean postoperative follow-up time of 22 months (range 8–39 months), none of the patients had developed infection or meningocele. Postoperative CSF rhinorrhea occurred in two patients with extensive dural defects, which resolved with temporary lumbar drainage.
Use of titanium mesh and a two-layer vascularized pericranial graft is a safe, reproducible, and feasible method for reconstructing the anterior skull base. Patients with large dural defects may need temporary CSF diversion to avoid postoperative fistula formation.