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  • Author or Editor: Amgad S. Hanna x
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Mark Corriveau, Jacob D. Lescher and Amgad S. Hanna

Peroneal neuropathy is a common pathology encountered by neurosurgeons. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and foot drop. When secondary to compression of the nerve at the fibular head, peroneal (fibular) nerve release is a low-risk procedure that can provide excellent results with pain relief and return of function. In this video, the authors highlight key operative techniques to ensure adequate decompression of the nerve while protecting the 3 major branches, including the superficial peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, and recurrent genicular (articular) branches. Key steps include positioning, circumferential nerve dissection, fascial opening, isolation of the major branches, and closure.

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Clayton L. Haldeman, Christopher D. Baggott and Amgad S. Hanna

Historically, peripheral nerve surgery has relied on landmarks and fairly extensive dissection for localization of both normal and pathological anatomy. High-resolution ultrasonography is a radiation-free imaging modality that can be used to directly visualize peripheral nerves and their associated pathologies prior to making an incision. It therefore helps in localization of normal and pathological anatomy, which can minimize the need for extensive exposures. The authors found intraoperative ultrasound (US) to be most useful in the management of peripheral nerve tumors and neuromas of nerve branches that are particularly small or have a deep location. This study presents the use of intraoperative US in 5 cases in an effort to illustrate some of the applications of this useful surgical adjunct.