✓ Cruciate paralysis is a clinical entity in which patients with trauma to the anterior cervicomedullary junction present with weakness of the upper extremity greater than that of the lower extremity. The underlying mechanism of this paralysis is commonly thought to be selective damage affecting the upper-extremity nerve fibers in the pyramidal decussation.
The authors examined the anatomical basis of cruciate paralysis in six New World squirrel monkeys and two Old World cynomolgus monkeys. No evidence for a differential decussation of fore-limb and hind-limb fibers was found. Thus, there is no obvious anatomical explanation for cruciate palsy. The results do suggest two alternative explanations for cruciate paralysis: 1) selective damage to neural areas involving the internuncial cells, the central gray area, and the cuneate nucleus, or 2) injury to the ventral corticospinal tract.