Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) is being increasingly used to treat refractory focal epilepsy, especially mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. However, emerging evidence suggests it can be used for extratemporal lobe epilepsy as well.
The authors report the case of a 17-year-old male who presented with refractory nocturnal seizures characterized by bilateral arms stiffening or rhythmic jerking lasting several seconds. Semiology suggested an epileptogenic zone close to one of the supplementary sensory motor areas. Electroencephalography showed seizures arising from the central region without consistent lateralization. Brain imaging showed no abnormality. An invasive evaluation using bilateral stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) was utilized in 2 steps, first to establish the laterality of seizures, and second to further cover the mesial cingulate region of the right hemisphere. Seizures arose from the middle portion of the right cingulate gyrus. Extraoperative electrical mapping revealed that the seizure onset zone was adjacent to eloquent motor areas. SLA targeting the right midcingulate gyrus was performed. The patient has remained seizure free since immediately after the procedure with no postoperative deficits (follow-up of 17 months).
This case highlights the utility of SEEG in evaluating difficult-to-localize, focal epilepsy. It also demonstrates that the use of SLA can be extended to nonlesional, extratemporal epilepsies.