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Adnan Dagcinar, Fatih Bayrakli, Ozlem Yapicier, and Memet Ozek

✓ Primary meningeal osteosarcomas are rare tumors, with only 19 reported cases in the literature; only 4 of these, including the present case, are in pediatric patients. In this report, the authors present the case of an 8-year-old boy with a history of generalized tonic–clonic seizures who was found to harbor a meningeal osteosarcoma within the sylvian fissure. Initial working diagnoses included meningioma and glioma. After tumor enlargement and progressive symptoms, the patient underwent a large frontotemporal craniotomy and complete resection of the lesion, which recurred 6 and 12 months after the initial surgery and was surgically treated after each recurrence. The rarity of primary meningeal osteosarcomas can make their diagnosis difficult, and histopathological evaluation is mandatory for diagnosis. Because of their fast progression, they must be treated aggressively by means of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.

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Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Adnan Dağçınar, Yaşar Bayri, Aşkın Şeker, and Hasan Güçlü

OBJECTIVE

The authors sought to develop a set of parameters that reliably predict the clinical success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) when assessed before and after the operation, and to establish a plan for MRI follow-up after this procedure.

METHODS

This retrospective study involved 77 patients who had undergone 78 ETV procedures for obstructive hydrocephalus between 2010 and 2015. Constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) MRI evaluations before and after ETV were reviewed, and 4 parameters were measured. Two well-known standard parameters, fronto-occipital horn ratio (FOHR) and third ventricular index (TVI), and 2 newly defined parameters, infundibulochiasmatic (IC) angle and anterior third ventricular height (TVH), were measured in this study. Associations between preoperative measurements of and postoperative changes in the 4 variables and the clinical success of ETV were analyzed.

RESULTS

Of the 78 ETV procedures, 70 (89.7%) were successful and 8 (10.3%) failed. On the preoperative MR images, the mean IC angle and anterior TVH were significantly larger in the successful procedures. On the 24-hour postoperative MR images of the successful procedures, the mean IC angle declined significantly from 114.2° to 94.6° (p < 0.05) and the mean anterior TVH declined significantly from 15 to 11.2 mm (p < 0.05). The mean percentage reduction of the IC angle was 17.1%, and that of the anterior TVH was 25.5% (both p < 0.05). On the 1-month MR images of the successful procedures, the mean IC angle declined significantly from 94.6° to 84.2° (p < 0.05) and the mean anterior TVH declined significantly from 11.2 to 9.3 mm (p < 0.05). The mean percentage reductions in IC angle (11%) and anterior TVH (16.9%) remained significant at this time point but were smaller than those observed at 24 hours. The 6-month and 1-year postoperative MR images of the successful group showed no significant changes in mean IC angle or mean anterior TVH. Regarding the unsuccessful procedures, there were no significant changes observed in IC angle or anterior TVH at any of the time points studied. Reduction of IC angle and reduction of anterior TVH on 24-hour postoperative MR images were significantly associated with successful ETV. However, no clinically significant association was found between FOHR, TVI, and ETV success.

CONCLUSIONS

Assessing the IC angle and anterior TVH on preoperative and 24-hour postoperative MR images is useful for predicting the clinical success of ETV. These 2 measurements could also be valuable as radiological follow-up parameters.

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İlhan Elmacı, Adnan Dağçinar, Serdar Özgen, Gazanfer Ekinci, and M. Necmettin Pamir

Diastematomyelia, or split cord malformation, a complete or incomplete sagittal division of the neural axis into halves, is seen in association with many other congenital anomalies. Among these anomalies, intradural spinal teratoma is extremely rare. Diastematomyelia is a well-recognized although unusual clinical syndrome in children, but it is rarely reported in the adult. The authors describe a 42-year-old man who presented with pain and distal left-leg weakness as well as neurogenic claudication for 1 month. The patient underwent radiological examinations, and diastematomyelia and an intradural lumbar teratoma were diagnosed. He underwent surgery and was followed for 1 year. This is the fourth case of an adult who simultaneously presented with diastematomyelia and an intradural teratoma.

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Mustafa Sakar, Hassan Haidar, Özcan Sönmez, Onur Erdoğan, Bülent Saçak, Yaşar Bayri, and Adnan Dağçınar

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study was to propose a new skull outline–based method to objectively quantify complex 3D skull shapes and frontal and supraorbital retrusion in metopic craniosynostosis using 3D photogrammetry.

METHODS

A standard section from 3D photogrammetry, which represents the trigonocephalic shape, was used in this study. From the midpoint of the area of this section, half diagonals were calculated to the skull outline at 5° increments in the anterior half of the head. These half diagonals were used to create a sinusoidal curve, and the area under the sinusoidal curve (AUC) was used to represent the mathematical expression of the trigonocephalic head shape. The AUC from 0° to 180° (90° from the midline to each side) was calculated and is referred to as AUC0→180. The AUC from 60° to 120° (30° from the midline to each side) was also calculated and is referred to as AUC60→120. A total of 24 patients who underwent endoscopic strip craniectomy and 13 age- and sex-matched controls were included in the study. The AUC values obtained in patients at different time points and controls were analyzed.

RESULTS

The mean preoperative AUC60→120 and AUC0→180 in the patients were significantly lower than those in control individuals. The increase in both AUC60→120 and AUC0→180 values is statistically significant at the discontinuation of helmet therapy and at final follow-up. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that AUC60→120 is a more accurate classifier than AUC0→180.

CONCLUSIONS

The proposed method objectively quantifies complex head shape and frontal retrusion in patients with metopic craniosynostosis and provides a quantitative measure for follow-up after surgical treatment. It avoids ionizing radiation exposure.