Report of 5 cases
Abbas Amirjamshidi, Seyyed Mahmood Ramak Hashemi and Kazem Abbassioun
The authors report the clinical features, imaging and surgical findings, and follow-up of 5 rare cases of schwannoma of the middle fossa with possible origin from the greater superficial petrosal nerve (GSPN). All patients presented to a single neurosurgical institution. The study design was a prospective follow-up of 5 cases of schwannomas of the middle fossa that most likely originated from the GSPN. The presenting features were burning pain in the eyes in 2 cases, epilepsy and behavioral changes in 2 cases, and headache in 1 case. Imaging studies showed a subtemporal mass on the anterosuperior aspect of the petrous bone in all cases. An enhancing tail on the MR images was highly suggestive of the origin of the tumor from the GSPN. All tumors were removed through a subtemporal extra- or intradural approach.
Partial to complete peripheral facial nerve palsy was encountered after surgery in 3 cases, which recovered completely. Dry eye was the long-term permanent deficit in all cases. Mid- to long-term follow-up of the cases has not revealed any tumor recurrence. The 5 cases of schwannoma of the middle fossa with possible origin from GSPN were managed successfully, and their clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and management are discussed.
Abbas Amirjamshidi, Mahmoud R. Khalatbari and Kazem Abbassioun
Abbas Amirjamshidi, Rouzbeh Shams Amiri, Maysam Alimohamadi and Kazem Abbassioun
Multiple primary brain tumors are commonly observed in patients with a history of brain radiation therapy or neurofibromatosis. The concomitant presence of 2 different types of brain tumors in a single location or chamber is a very rare clinical presentation in the absence of such a predisposing factor. The authors report on the case of a 16-year-old boy presenting with different types of brain tumors in 2 ventricular chambers concomitantly. This boy had a medium-sized colloid cyst of the third ventricle and a large fibrillary astrocytoma fungating from the brainstem into the floor of the fourth ventricle. The lesions were successfully excised in 2 separate surgeries. Radiotherapy was used as the adjuvant mode of therapy. There has been no sign of tumor recurrence after 16 months of follow-up. Clinical awareness and recognition of such a combination of tumors is important because they will dictate special treatment strategies depending on the individual biological aggressiveness of each tumor.
Abbas Amirjamshidi and Kazem Abbassioun
Report of 4 cases
Abbas Amirjamshidi, Hadi Roozbeh, Give Sharifi, Ali Abdoli and Kazem Abbassioun
Osteoid osteoma affects the spine in only 10% of cases. More than 50% of the spinal cases involve the lumbar and cervical vertebrae. Involvement of C-1 and C-2 vertebrae has previously been reported only very rarely in the published literature. The authors report 4 cases of upper cervical osteoid osteoma, 1 involving C-1 and the other 3 C-2, and they discuss different aspects of management in similar cases. The patients were 14, 17, 35, and 46 years old, and all presented with neck pain and various degrees of painful limitation of head rotation not ameliorated by ordinary analgesics. Radionuclide isotope bone scans, CT scanning, and MR imaging were helpful preoperative diagnostic modalities. The first attempt at eradication of the lesions failed in 2 cases and the lesions could be excised totally at a second approach. Postoperatively, the patients all became pain free and gained full range of neck motion. There has been no tumor recurrence and no sign of instability in short- to medium-term follow-up.
Among the several etiologies mentioned for neck pain and torticollis, osteoid osteoma of the first 2 cervical vertebrae should be considered as a possible but rare cause. Even though different kinds of management have been mentioned for osteoid osteoma, resection of the lesion remains the best option for achieving a cure.