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  • Author or Editor: Takashi Yamamoto x
  • By Author: Fukuyama, Hidenao x
  • By Author: Hashimoto, Nobuo x
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Ken-Ichiro Kikuta, Yasushi Takagi, Kazuhiko Nozaki, Takashi Hanakawa, Tsutomu Okada, Nobuhro Mikuni, Yukio Miki, Yasutaka Fushimi, Akira Yamamoto, Keisuke Yamada, Hidenao Fukuyama and Nobuo Hashimoto

Object. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of asymptomatic microbleeds (MBs) in patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) by using a 3-tesla magnetic resonance (MR) imaging unit.

Methods. Data on 63 patients hospitalized with MMD between 1999 and 2004 were retrospectively examined to determine the incidence of asymptomatic MBs. Gradient-echo T2*-weighted MR imaging studies obtained using 3- and 1.5-tesla units were available in 25 patients. These patients consisted of five men and 20 women, ranging in age from 17 to 66 years (mean age 41 ± 14 years). Ischemic MMD was diagnosed in 18 patients, and hemorrhagic MMD in seven. The incidence of MBs was also evaluated using the same 3-tesla MR imaging unit in 34 healthy volunteers including seven men and 27 women, ranging in age from 18 to 71 years (mean age 33 ± 12 years). Using the 3-tesla MR unit, asymptomatic MBs were demonstrated in 11 patients (44%); they were detected in seven patients (28%) by using the 1.5-tesla unit. In the 3-tesla MR studies in healthy individuals, MBs were found in two patients (5.8%). Based on 3-tesla MR studies, the incidence of MBs was significantly higher in patients with MMD compared with that in healthy individuals. Asymptomatic MBs were demonstrated in eight (44%) of 18 patients with ischemic MMD and three (43%) of seven patients with hemorrhagic MMD.

Conclusions. Microbleeds are significantly more common in patients with MMD than in healthy individuals regardless of the disease type. The evaluation of MBs with T2*-weighted 3-tesla MR imaging might contribute to the treatment of MMD.