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Justin K. Scheer, Justin S. Smith, Aaron J. Clark, Virginie Lafage, Han Jo Kim, John D. Rolston, Robert Eastlack, Robert A. Hart, Themistocles S. Protopsaltis, Michael P. Kelly, Khaled Kebaish, Munish Gupta, Eric Klineberg, Richard Hostin, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Christopher P. Ames and the International Spine Study Group

I ndividuals who have adult spinal deformity (ASD) typically experience pain and disability. 2 , 14 , 26 , 28 , 29 The pain typically affects the back, legs, or both, and its etiology is multifactorial. 26 , 28 , 29 Over the last decade, most research into ASD has focused on patient-reported outcomes and on general measures of health status and function, such as the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Scoliosis Research Society 22-question Questionnaire (SRS-22). However, pain is the primary concern for

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, MD, PhD 3 2017 42 3 Peripheral Nerve A10 A11 Copyright held by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. You may not sell, republish, or systematically distribute any published materials without written permission from JNSPG. 2017 Introduction: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cervical total disc replacement (TDR) for symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) with previous anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) was done, compared to ACDF in the treatment of cervical ASD

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systematically distribute any published materials without written permission from JNSPG. 2017 Background/Introduction: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is a massive undertaking that may involve a significant amount of blood loss, especially when various osteotomy techniques are utilized. Antifibrinolytic agents such as tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used in an attempt to reduce intraoperative blood loss. However, there is no universally accepted dosing protocol for TXA in spine surgery. Moreover, there are very few reports in the literature regarding high