Xing Wu, Jin Hu, Liangfu Zhou, Ying Mao, Bojie Yang, Liang Gao, Rong Xie, Feng Xu, Dong Zhang, Jun Liu and Jianhong Zhu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to migrate toward tumors, but their distribution pattern in gliomas has not been completely portrayed. The primary purpose of the study was to assay the tropism capacity of MSCs to gliomas, to delineate the pattern of MSC distribution in gliomas after systemic injection, and to track the migration and incorporation of magnetically labeled MSCs using 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
The MSCs from Fischer 344 rats were colabeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). The tropism capacity of MSCs was quantitatively assayed in vitro using the Transwell system. To track the migration of MSCs in vivo, MR imaging was performed both 7 and 14 days after systemic administration of labeled MSCs. After MR imaging, the distribution patterns of MSCs in rats with gliomas were examined using Prussian blue and fluorescence staining.
The in vitro study showed that MSCs possessed significantly greater migratory capacity than fibroblast cells (p < 0.001) and that lysis of F98 glioma cells and cultured F98 cells showed a greater capacity to induce migration of cells than other stimuli (p < 0.05). Seven days after MSC transplantation, the SPIO–EGFP colabeled cells were distributed throughout the tumor, where a well-defined dark hypointense region was represented on gradient echo sequences. After 14 days, most of the colabeled MSCs were found at the border between the tumor and normal parenchyma, which was represented on gradient echo sequences as diluted amorphous dark areas at the edge of the tumors.
This study demonstrated that systemically transplanted MSCs migrate toward gliomas with high specificity in a temporal–spatial pattern, which can be tracked using MR imaging.
Lingyang Hua, Hongda Zhu, Jingrun Li, Hailiang Tang, Dapeng Kuang, Yin Wang, Feng Tang, Xiancheng Chen, Liangfu Zhou, Qing Xie and Ye Gong
Malignant meningioma is rare and classified as Grade III in the WHO classification of CNS tumors. However, the presence of estrogen receptor (ER) in WHO Grade III meningiomas and its correlation with patients’ outcomes are still unclear. In this single-center cohort study, the authors analyzed clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of these malignant tumors in patients with long-term follow-up.
A total of 87 patients who were pathologically diagnosed with WHO Grade III meningiomas between 2003 and 2008 were enrolled in this study and followed for at least 7 years. Clinical information was collected to analyze the factors determining the prognosis.
Twelve patients with rhabdoid, 12 with papillary, and 63 with anaplastic meningioma were included. The mean progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 56.2 ± 49.8 months and 68.7 ± 47.4 months, respectively. No significant differences were observed among the 3 histological subtypes in either PFS (p = 0.929) or OS (p = 0.688). Patients who received gross-total resection had a longer PFS (p = 0.001) and OS (p = 0.027) than those who received subtotal resection. Adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with OS (p = 0.034) but not PFS (p = 0.433). Compared with primary meningiomas, patients with recurrent disease had worse PFS (p < 0.001). For patients who had malignant transformations, the prognosis was poorer than for patients without malignant transformations for both PFS (p = 0.002) and OS (p = 0.019). ER-positive patients had a significantly worse prognosis than ER-negative patients regarding both PFS (p = 0.003) and OS (p < 0.001), whereas no association between progesterone receptor and patients’ outcomes was observed. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ER expression was an independent prognostic factor for both PFS (p = 0.008) and OS (p < 0.001).
This retrospective study showed that patients with meningioma with ER-positive expression had a much worse prognosis than those with ER weak–positive or ER-negative status. The results demonstrated that ER is an independent prognostic factor for both PFS and OS of patients with WHO Grade III meningioma. The authors also found that more radical resection of the tumor, as well as postoperative radiotherapy, may prolong patients’ survival time.