Although aortic or cardiac complications are common in patients with Marfan syndrome, the presence of an intracranial aneurysm is comparatively rare. In this study, the authors report on their experience with resection of a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery in a 30-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome. Microscopic examination of the resected tissue showed many Alcian blue–staining deposits, consistent with the presence of mucopolysaccharide in the tunica media and focal fragmentation of the internal elastic lamina.
Yoshitaka Kubo, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Akira Kurose, Shunsuke Kakino, Nobuhiko Tomitsuka and Akira Ogawa
Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yoshitaka Kubo, Nobuhiko Tomitsuka, Masayuki Sasoh, Yasunari Otawara, Hiroshi Arai and Akira Ogawa
✓ The authors describe transposition of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) to the vertebral artery (VA) combined with parent artery occlusion for the treatment of VA aneurysms in cases in which a clip could not be applied because of the origin of the ipsilateral PICA. The aneurysm is trapped through a lower lateral suboccipital craniectomy. The PICA is then cut just distal to the aneurysm, and the PICA and VA proximal to the aneurysm are anastomosed in an end-to-end or end-to-side fashion.
The surgical procedure was successfully performed in two patients, each of whom had hypoplastic occipital arteries (OAs). The PICA contralateral to the lesion was hypoplastic in one patient and distant to the ipsilateral PICA in the other patient. Mild transient dysphagia developed postoperatively in one patient due to glossopharyngeal and vagus nerve palsy, and the other patient had an uneventful postoperative course. In both patients, postoperative cerebral angiography demonstrated good patency of the transposed PICA. These results show that transposition of the PICA to the VA is a useful procedure for the reconstruction of the PICA when parent artery occlusion is necessary to exclude a VA aneurysm involving the origin of the PICA and when OA–PICA anastomosis or PICA–PICA anastomosis cannot be performed.
Yoshitaka Kubo, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Nobuhiko Tomitsuka, Yasunari Otawara, Mikio Watanabe and Akira Ogawa
✓ A technique combining wrapping and clip occlusion of aneurysms by using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) for treatment of ruptured blisterlike aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is described. The diameter of the abnormal arterial lesion along the long axis of the ICA and the distance between the origin of the ophthalmic artery and the origin of the posterior communicating artery (PCoA), or the origin of the PCoA and the origin of the anterior choroidal artery are measured intraoperatively; a strip of PTFE membrane is then trimmed with scissors to match this diameter and distance. After temporarily occluding the cervical ICA, the intracranial ICA that includes the lesion is wrapped with the strip of PTFE, and one or more aneurysm clips are applied parallel to the ICA. This procedure was successfully accomplished in six patients, all of whom had an uneventful postoperative course with no recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage during the follow-up period. “Wrap-clipping” using PTFE is a useful procedure for management of ruptured blisterlike aneurysms of the ICA.