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  • Author or Editor: Shigeaki Kobayashi x
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Susumu Oikawa, Masahiko Mizuno, Shinsuke Muraoka and Shigeaki Kobayashi

✓ A procedure for preventing muscle atrophy in pterional craniotomy by temporalis muscle dissection is described, along with anatomical considerations. The inferior to superior dissection of the temporalis muscle is a very simple technique and is less invasive than other approaches.

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Susumu Oikawa, Kazuhiko Kyoshima and Shigeaki Kobayashi

Object

The authors report on the surgical anatomy of the juxtadural ring area of the internal carotid artery to add to the information available about this important structure.

Methods

Twenty sides of cadaver specimens were used in this study. The plane of the dural ring was found to incline in the posteromedial direction. Medial inclination was measured at 21.8š on average against the horizontal line in the anteroposterior view on radiographic studies. Posterior inclination was measured at 20.3š against the planum sphenoidale in the lateral projection, and the medial edge of the dural ring was located 0.4 mm above the tuberculum sellae in the same projection. The lateral edge of the tuberculum sellae was located 1.4 mm below the superior border of the anterior clinoid process. The carotid cave was situated at the medial or posteromedial aspect of the dural ring; however, two of the 20 specimens showed no cave formation. The carotid cave contained the subarachnoid space in 13 sides, the arachnoid membrane only in three sides, and the extraarachnoid space in two sides. The authors propose that the marker of the medial side of the dural ring, which is more proximal than the lateral, is the tuberculum sellae in the lateral view on radiographic studies. In the medial aspect of the dural ring the intradural space can be situated below the level of the tuberculum sellae because of the existence of the carotid cave.

Conclusions

The authors found that an aneurysm arising from the medial side of the juxtadural ring area even below the tuberculum sellae is a potential cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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Susumu Oikawa, Kazuhiko Kyoshima and Shigeaki Kobayashi

Object. The authors report on the surgical anatomy of the juxta—dural ring area of the internal carotid artery to add to the information available about this important structure.

Methods. Twenty sides of cadaver specimens were used in this study. The plane of the dural ring was found to incline in the posteromedial direction. Medial inclination was measured at 21.8° on average against the horizontal line in the anteroposterior view on radiographic studies. Posterior inclination was measured at 20.3° against the planum sphenoidale in the lateral projection, and the medial edge of the dural ring was located 0.4 mm above the tuberculum sellae in the same projection. The lateral edge of the dural ring was located 1.4 mm below the superior border of the anterior clinoid process. The carotid cave was situated at the medial or posteromedial aspect of the dural ring; however, two of the 20 specimens showed no cave formation. The carotid cave contained the subarachnoid space in 13 sides, the arachnoid membrane only in three sides, and the extraarachnoid space in two sides. The authors propose that the marker of the medial side of the dural ring, which is more proximal than the lateral, is the tuberculum sellae in the lateral view on radiographic studies. In the medial aspect of the dural ring the intradural space can be situated below the level of the tuberculum sellae because of the existence of the carotid cave.

Conclusions. An aneurysm arising from the medial side of the juxta—dural ring area even below the tuberculum sellae is a potential cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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Kazuhiko Kyoshima, Susumu Oikawa and Shigeaki Kobayashi

✓ The authors report two cases in which the ophthalmic artery (OA) originated from the interdural portion of the internal carotid artery at the carotid dural ring and coursed within the dura. This configuration was observed during surgeries performed in 82 cases of juxta—dural ring aneurysms.

In surgery for such an aneurysm, if the OA is not seen intradurally, an attempt should be made to find this kind of variation by using a Doppler flowmeter before sectioning the dural ring.

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Tetsuya Goto, Kazuhiro Hongo, Tomomi Iwashita, Hisashi Nagashima, Susumu Oikawa, Kazuhiko Kyoshima and Shigeaki Kobayashi