✓ The authors present a case of a rare cutaneous lesion resembling a human finger that protruded from the posterior thoracic region of a 7-month-old girl who was examined after the fingerlike protrusion was noted at birth. The protrusion measured 3 cm in length and 1 cm in diameter. It was located at the level of T-12 and was surrounded by angiomatous and lipomatous tissue. A computerized tomography scan demonstrated three bones in the protrusion, including deformities of the T-9 and T-10 and T-11 dysraphism. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hyperintense signal on the T1-weighted sequence and a hypointense signal on the T2-weighted sequence, which was visualized at the attachment to the spinal cord from T9–11. After removal of the fingerlike structure and subcutaneous mass, a T10–11 laminectomy and removal of the intradural mass were performed. Histological examination showed that the appendage was composed of nail, three bones, cartilage, and normal skin. This appendage can be recognized not only as a variant type of caudal appendage but as an ectopic finger and fingernail. The authors discuss the developmental differences among the protrusion in the present case and ordinary caudal appendages.
Eiichi Ishikawa, Akira Matsumura, Takashi Enomoto, Takao Tsurubuchi and Tadao Nose
Akira Matsumura, Izumi Anno, Hiroshi Kimura, Eiichi Ishikawa and Tadao Nose
✓ The authors describe a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension in which the leakage site was determined by using magnetic resonance (MR) myelography. This technique demonstrated the route of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, whereas other methods failed to show direct evidence of leakage. Magnetic resonance myelography is a noninvasive method that is highly sensitive in detecting CSF leakage. This is the first report in which a site of CSF leakage was detected using MR myelography.
Kazuya Uemura, Takashi Yoshizawa, Akira Matsumura, Hiroyuki Asakawa, Kiyotaka Nakamagoe and Tadao Nose
✓ The case of a 30-year-old man with a spinal extradural meningeal cyst in the thoracolumbar region is reported. Operative findings revealed a dural defect that allowed communication between the extradural cyst cavity and the subarachnoid space. Application of the Valsalva maneuver made the cerebrospinal fluid flow into the cyst cavity; however, reverse flow did not occur. These findings indicate that a valvelike mechanism developed in the enlarging cyst. Surgical resection of the cyst wall and closure of the dural defect provided a favorable result.