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Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Steven W. Hwang, William E. Whitehead, Daniel J. Curry, Thomas G. Luerssen and Andrew Jea

T uberculosis is a granulomatous, multisystem disease caused by acid-fast bacilli such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis , and rarely, M. bovis . The incidence of TB is increasing in both developing and developed countries. 1 Groups at high risk are the homeless, intravenous drug abusers, immigrants and refugees from high-prevalence countries, immunocompromised and HIV-infected people, residents of prisons and nursing homes, and children exposed to infected individuals. 3 Tuberculosis of the spine, also known as Pott disease, is relatively common in

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Sohum K. Desai, Alison Brayton, Valerie B. Chua, Thomas G. Luerssen and Andrew Jea

Spinal arthrodesis was the first successful treatment for scoliosis, performed by Dr. Russell A. Hibbs in 1911 and later by Dr. Fred H. Albee for tuberculosis. In 1914, Dr. H.P.H. Galloway and Dr. Hibbs began using the method to treat neuromuscular scoliosis in patients with poliomyelitis. However, this treatment approach was plagued by loss of deformity correction over time and high pseudarthrosis rates. The turning point in the operative management of spinal deformities began in 1947 with Dr. Paul Randall Harrington when he started a decade-long process to revolutionize surgical treatment of spinal deformities culminating in the advent of the Harrington Rod, the first successful implantable spinal instrumentation system. During the epoch that he was in practice, Dr. Harrington's achievement influenced the technology and art of spine surgery for his contemporaries and the coming generations of spine surgeons. The purpose of this article is to review the life of Dr. Harrington, and how he has arguably come to be known as “Father of the Modern Treatment of Scoliosis.”

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Christina Sayama, Matthew Willsey, Murali Chintagumpala, Alison Brayton, Valentina Briceño, Sheila L. Ryan, Thomas G. Luerssen, Steven W. Hwang and Andrew Jea

8 Morselized cancellous allograft; DBM 31 No None 40 6 yrs, 8 mos, M C1–2 rotary subluxation; BI; CM-I Occiput–C2 PIF 12 DBM 30 No None 41 3 yrs, 1 mo, F H/O tuberculosis; Pott disease T6–8 vertebrectomy; T4–10PIF 12 Local autograft 29 No None 42 2 yrs, 3 mos, F Unstable odontoid synchondrosis Fx Occiput–C2 PIF 12 DBM 29 No Acute deep wound infection 43 14 yrs, 0 mos, M S/P cervical canal stenosis; failed C3–7 open door laminoplasty C3–7 laminectomy; C3–7 PIF 12 Local autograft 29