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  • Author or Editor: Yoshitaka Kubo x
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Yoshitaka Kubo, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Akira Kurose, Shunsuke Kakino, Nobuhiko Tomitsuka and Akira Ogawa

Although aortic or cardiac complications are common in patients with Marfan syndrome, the presence of an intracranial aneurysm is comparatively rare. In this study, the authors report on their experience with resection of a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery in a 30-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome. Microscopic examination of the resected tissue showed many Alcian blue–staining deposits, consistent with the presence of mucopolysaccharide in the tunica media and focal fragmentation of the internal elastic lamina.

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Shunsuke Kakino, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yoshitaka Kubo, Hiroshi Kashimura, Hiromu Konno, Atsushi Sugawara, Masakazu Kobayashi, Makoto Sasaki and Akira Ogawa

Object

Although angioplasty and stent placement for vertebral artery (VA)–origin stenosis have been performed using endovascular techniques, a high likelihood of restenosis has been observed in the long term. Therefore, the authors assessed the long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes in patients after VA–subclavian artery (SA) transposition.

Methods

Thirty-six patients (31 men, 5 women; mean age 64.3 years, range 46–76 years) underwent clinical evaluation (modified Rankin Scale [mRS]) and cervical angiographic evaluation preoperatively and within 1 month of and 6 months after VA-SA transposition undertaken to treat symptomatic stenosis of VA origin.

Results

Postoperative neurological deficits due to intraoperative brain ischemia did not occur, and MR imaging demonstrated no new postoperative ischemic lesions in any of the patients. One patient died of acute myocardial infarction 2 months after surgery and another developed a left thalamic hemorrhage (mRS score of 5) at 42 months postsurgery. None of the remaining 34 patients experienced further ischemic events, and the mRS score in all of these patients remained unchanged during a mean follow-up period of 54 months. The degree of VA-origin stenosis (preoperative mean 84%) was reduced to ≤ 30% after surgery (mean 2%). Long-term follow-up angiography in 29 patients (81%) revealed the absence of restenosis, defined as > 50% luminal narrowing, in all of them.

Conclusions

The clinical and angiographic long-term outcomes demonstrated here suggest that VA-SA transposition will be useful in patients with symptomatic stenosis of VA origin.

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Hiroshi Kashimura, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yoshitaka Kubo, Shunsuke Kakino, Kenji Yoshida, Masayuki Sasoh, Hajime Takahashi, Kenji Suzuki and Akira Ogawa

✓ A technique for exposing the vertebrobasilar junction with traction of the dentate ligament is described for treatment of large vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms via the far lateral suboccipital approach with partial condylar resection. The most rostral attachment of the dentate ligament is divided above the site where the VA pierces the dura mater. A traction suture is placed into the dentate ligament and gently retracted using mosquito forceps. As a result, the medulla oblongata is lifted dorsally and slightly rotated by the divided and retracted dentate ligament, allowing an approach from a more superior or inferior direction. The present technique is useful for the treatment of large thrombosed VA aneurysms.