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Lisheng Kan, Jian Kang, Rui Gao, Xiongsheng Chen and Lianshun Jia

Object

To date, formulation of the optimal surgical protocol for noncontiguous multilevel cervical spondylosis remains controversial, and the corresponding clinical data continue to be limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of two hybrid reconstructive techniques in noncontiguous 3-level cervical spondylosis (2 contiguous disc levels and 1 “skip” disc level [nonoperated level between 2 operated levels]). The incidence of adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) was also evaluated.

Methods

Sixty-three consecutive patients with noncontiguous 3-level cervical spondylosis who underwent two different hybrid methods of treatment were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups, the fusion group and the arthroplasty group. A titanium mesh cage and an anterior cervical plate were used after the anterior cervical corpectomy, and then a stand-alone cage (the fusion group) or an artificial cervical disc (the arthroplasty group) was used after the discectomy. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scale score and the JOA scale score improvement rate preoperatively and during follow-up. Radiological results were assessed using global angle and global range of motion (ROM) of the cervical spine. The ASD was also evaluated.

Results

The JOA scores of the patients significantly improved postoperatively and were well maintained within the follow-up period, as did the JOA scale score improvement rate. The mean global angle of the cervical spine of the patients significantly increased postoperatively. At the last follow-up evaluation, the mean global ROM was retained by patients in the arthroplasty group (p > 0.05) but not by patients in the fusion group (p = 0.00). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ASD between the 2 groups (p = 0.114). However, at the skip levels, patients in the fusion group had a higher incidence of ASD than patients in the arthroplasty group (p = 0.038).

Conclusions

Both of the hybrid procedures (anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion [ACCF] + anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, and ACCF + cervical disc arthroplasty [CDA]) yielded favorable clinical and radiological outcomes in the treatment of noncontiguous 3-level cervical spondylosis. Moreover, the ACCF + CDA procedure may have the ability to decrease the likelihood of ASD in appropriate patients.

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Yutong Gu, Feng Zhang, Xiaoxing Jiang, Lianshun Jia and Robert McGuire

Object

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treating acute thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (VCF) and preventing secondary VCF after PVP.

Methods

Twenty patients with a mean age of 73.6 years (range 65–85 years) who sustained fresh thoracic or lumbar osteoporotic VCFs without neurological deficits underwent minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation combined with PVP. Visual analog scale pain scores were recorded, and the Cobb angles and the central and anterior vertebral body (VB) heights were measured on the lateral radiographs before surgery and immediately, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery.

Results

The patients were followed up for an average of 26 months (range 24–30 months) after sugery. The visual analog scale score was found to be significantly decreased; from 7.3 ± 1.3 before surgery to 1.2 ± 0.7 immediately after surgery and to 0.7 ± 0.7 (p < 0.001) at the end of follow-up. The Cobb angle was 17.0° ± 4.3° before surgery and 6.4° ± 3.6° immediately after surgery. The central VB height that was 44.5% ± 7.6% before surgery increased to 74.6% ± 6.4% of the estimated intact central height immediately after surgery (p < 0.001). The anterior VB height increased from 50.7% ± 7.4% before surgery to 82.5% ± 6.7% of the estimated intact anterior height immediately after surgery (p < 0.001). There were no significant changes in the results obtained over the follow-up time period. There was no occurrence of new fracture in surgically treated or adjacent vertebrae in these patients.

Conclusions

Minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation combined with PVP is a good choice for the treatment of acute thoracolumbar osteoporotic VCF and can prevent the occurrence of new VCFs after PVP.