✓ A silver colloid staining technique for identifying nucleolar organizer region-associated proteins (Ag-NOR's) was applied to 51 human gliomas. These comprised 20 glioblastomas multiforme, 15 anaplastic astrocytomas, and 16 astrocytomas, in which the mean numbers of Ag-NOR's per cell (± standard error of the mean) were 2.51 ± 0.12, 2.01 ± 0.10, and 1.76 ± 0.06, respectively. Significant differences among these were recognized, and the mean number of Ag-NOR's paralleled the degree of histopathological malignancy. In 16 cases, studies were performed of the number of Ag-NOR's and the S-phase fraction by in vitro labeling using anti-bromodeoxyuridine monoclonal antibody. A linear relationship was demonstrated between these two factors (r = 0.857, p < 0.001), although some scatter was seen. In 32 adult patients, the correlation between the number of Ag-NOR's and the prognosis was estimated. The results demonstrated that the group containing patients with less than 1.80 Ag-NOR's per cell had a better prognosis than the group with 1.80 Ag-NOR's or more. Thus, the number of Ag-NOR's reflected the degree of histopathological malignancy, S-phase fraction, and prognosis. Silver colloid staining for Ag-NOR's is a simple, rapid, and reproducible method for estimating the proliferative potential of human gliomas without requiring a complicated technique.
Koji Kajiwara, Takafumi Nishizaki, Tetsuji Orita, Hisato Nakayama, Hideo Aoki and Haruhide Ito
Takafumi Nishizaki, Tetsuji Orita, Koji Kajiwara, Norio Ikeda, Noboru Ohshita, Hisato Nakayama, Yasuhiro Furutani, Yukihide Ikeyama, Tatsuo Akimura, Toshifumi Kamiryo and Haruhide Ito
✓ There are no previous reports correlating the in vitro bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) labeling index (LI) with the clinical outcome in patients with brain tumors. The reliability of the LI as a predictor of patient survival or recurrence was examined in this study of 66 human brain tumors (19 gliomas, 18 meningiomas, and 29 others). Anti-BUdR staining was performed on surgically extirpated tumor tissue that had been treated with BUdR as previously described. Correlation of the BUdR LI with patient survival or tumor recurrence rate was carried out by the method of Kaplan and Meier. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) aneuploidy was estimated in 52 cases.
The results of this study indicate that BUdR LI values correlated well with the clinical course of patients with brain tumor. In comparison with patients with higher LI's, there was both a significantly higher survival rate for tumors other than meningiomas and a higher recurrence-free rate for meningiomas in patients with LI's of less than 4% and 1%, respectively. Although there was a tendency for patients without tumor aneuploidy to show better survival data than the others, no statistical difference was observed. These results suggest that the in vitro BUdR labeling method is reliable for prediction of a patient's prognosis, whereas prognosis on the basis of DNA aneuploidy alone is uncertain.