✓ Cell proliferation potential was assessed by measuring the labeling indices of the monoclonal antibody Ki-67 and of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR), and the cellular deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) content in 48 human brain tumors. The diagnostic and prognostic value of flow-cytometric DNA analysis was also evaluated using ethanol-fixed paraffin-embedded BUdR-labeled specimens; these were the same specimens as were used for measuring the BUdR and Ki-67 labeling indices. Both the Ki-67 and the BUdR labeling indices correlated with the degree of malignancy estimated from conventional histological preparations. The Ki-67 labeling index was 1.7 times greater than the BUdR labeling index. The relationship of DNA aneuploidy to the labeling indices or to morphology in cases of glioma was examined. All of the tumors with an aneuploid line corresponded to malignant glioma classified by histological criteria, although malignant glioma did not always show DNA aneuploidy. In addition, the cases with aneuploid lines showed high BUdR and Ki-67 labeling indices. The cell kinetic data, which indicate the biological character of tumors, allowed prediction of the prognosis of the patients with gliomas. In contrast, despite the presence of an aneuploid line, three of 13 meningiomas showed a benign histological pattern without an aggressive clinical course, and neither the Ki-67 nor the BUdR labeling index was high. These results indicate an unequivocal relationship between DNA aneuploidy and clinical behavior; in general, both labeling indices may prove to be objective indicators of the outcome of patients with brain tumors.
Takafumi Nishizaki, Tetsuji Orita, Yasuhiro Furutani, Yukihide Ikeyama, Hideo Aoki and Kohsuke Sasaki
Takafumi Nishizaki, Tetsuji Orita, Koji Kajiwara, Norio Ikeda, Noboru Ohshita, Hisato Nakayama, Yasuhiro Furutani, Yukihide Ikeyama, Tatsuo Akimura, Toshifumi Kamiryo and Haruhide Ito
✓ There are no previous reports correlating the in vitro bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) labeling index (LI) with the clinical outcome in patients with brain tumors. The reliability of the LI as a predictor of patient survival or recurrence was examined in this study of 66 human brain tumors (19 gliomas, 18 meningiomas, and 29 others). Anti-BUdR staining was performed on surgically extirpated tumor tissue that had been treated with BUdR as previously described. Correlation of the BUdR LI with patient survival or tumor recurrence rate was carried out by the method of Kaplan and Meier. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) aneuploidy was estimated in 52 cases.
The results of this study indicate that BUdR LI values correlated well with the clinical course of patients with brain tumor. In comparison with patients with higher LI's, there was both a significantly higher survival rate for tumors other than meningiomas and a higher recurrence-free rate for meningiomas in patients with LI's of less than 4% and 1%, respectively. Although there was a tendency for patients without tumor aneuploidy to show better survival data than the others, no statistical difference was observed. These results suggest that the in vitro BUdR labeling method is reliable for prediction of a patient's prognosis, whereas prognosis on the basis of DNA aneuploidy alone is uncertain.