✓ The vascular relationships of the trigeminal nerve root entry zone were examined bilaterally in 20 cadavers of individuals known to be free of facial pain. Fourteen of 40 nerves made contact with an artery, but only four of these showed evidence of compression or distortion of the nerve. In addition, the vascular relationships of 40 trigeminal nerves exposed surgically for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia were studied, and 31 nerves showed compression by adjacent arteries. Venous compression was seen in four of the cadaver nerves and in eight nerves from patients with trigeminal neuralgia. These data support the hypothesis that arterial compression of the trigeminal nerve is associated with trigeminal neuralgia.
An anatomical study with clinical correlation
Stephen J. Haines, Peter J. Jannetta and David S. Zorub
Case report with autopsy findings
Stephen J. Haines, A. Julio Martinez and Peter J. Jannetta
✓ The autopsy findings in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia who died from unrelated causes are presented. Arterial cross compression of the appropriate trigeminal nerve at the pons was demonstrated. The relationship of arterial cross compression to trigeminal neuralgia is briefly discussed.
Stephen J. Haines, Joseph C. Maroon and Peter J. Jannetta
✓ Five cases of supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage following posterior fossa surgery are reported. Possible etiologies are discussed, but in only one case can a definite etiology (hypertension) be found. The differential diagnosis of declining level of consciousness after posterior fossa surgery must include supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage, and computerized tomography seems to be the diagnostic method of choice.