Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Hiroyuki Takao x
  • By Author: Fujimura, Soichiro x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

Yuichi Murayama, Soichiro Fujimura, Tomoaki Suzuki and Hiroyuki Takao

OBJECTIVE

The authors reviewed the clinical role of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in assessing the risk of intracranial aneurysm rupture.

METHODS

A literature review was performed to identify reports on CFD assessment of aneurysms using PubMed. The usefulness of various hemodynamic parameters, such as wall shear stress (WSS) and the Oscillatory Shear Index (OSI), and their role in aneurysm rupture risk analysis, were analyzed.

RESULTS

The authors identified a total of 258 published articles evaluating rupture risk, growth, and endovascular device assessment. Of these 258 articles, 113 matching for CFD and hemodynamic parameters that contribute to the risk of rupture (such as WSS and OSI) were identified. However, due to a lack of standardized methodology, controversy remains on each parameter’s role.

CONCLUSIONS

Although controversy continues to exist on which risk factors contribute to predict aneurysm rupture, CFD can provide additional parameters to assess this rupture risk. This technology can contribute to clinical decision-making or evaluation of efficacy for endovascular methods and devices.

Free access

Felicitas J. Detmer, Sara Hadad, Bong Jae Chung, Fernando Mut, Martin Slawski, Norman Juchler, Vartan Kurtcuoglu, Sven Hirsch, Philippe Bijlenga, Yuya Uchiyama, Soichiro Fujimura, Makoto Yamamoto, Yuichi Murayama, Hiroyuki Takao, Timo Koivisto, Juhana Frösen and Juan R. Cebral

OBJECTIVE

Incidental aneurysms pose a challenge for physicians, who need to weigh the rupture risk against the risks associated with treatment and its complications. A statistical model could potentially support such treatment decisions. A recently developed aneurysm rupture probability model performed well in the US data used for model training and in data from two European cohorts for external validation. Because Japanese and Finnish patients are known to have a higher aneurysm rupture risk, the authors’ goals in the present study were to evaluate this model using data from Japanese and Finnish patients and to compare it with new models trained with Finnish and Japanese data.

METHODS

Patient and image data on 2129 aneurysms in 1472 patients were used. Of these aneurysm cases, 1631 had been collected mainly from US hospitals, 249 from European (other than Finnish) hospitals, 147 from Japanese hospitals, and 102 from Finnish hospitals. Computational fluid dynamics simulations and shape analyses were conducted to quantitatively characterize each aneurysm’s shape and hemodynamics. Next, the previously developed model’s discrimination was evaluated using the Finnish and Japanese data in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Models with and without interaction terms between patient population and aneurysm characteristics were trained and evaluated including data from all four cohorts obtained by repeatedly randomly splitting the data into training and test data.

RESULTS

The US model’s AUC was reduced to 0.70 and 0.72, respectively, in the Finnish and Japanese data compared to 0.82 and 0.86 in the European and US data. When training the model with Japanese and Finnish data, the average AUC increased only slightly for the Finnish sample (to 0.76 ± 0.16) and Finnish and Japanese cases combined (from 0.74 to 0.75 ± 0.14) and decreased for the Japanese data (to 0.66 ± 0.33). In models including interaction terms, the AUC in the Finnish and Japanese data combined increased significantly to 0.83 ± 0.10.

CONCLUSIONS

Developing an aneurysm rupture prediction model that applies to Japanese and Finnish aneurysms requires including data from these two cohorts for model training, as well as interaction terms between patient population and the other variables in the model. When including this information, the performance of such a model with Japanese and Finnish data is close to its performance with US or European data. These results suggest that population-specific differences determine how hemodynamics and shape associate with rupture risk in intracranial aneurysms.