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Harvey S. Levin, Eugenio Amparo, Howard M. Eisenberg, David H. Williams, Walter M. High Jr., Craig B. McArdle and Richard L. Weiner

considered to have moderate head injuries. An antece-708 dent history of hospitalization for head trauma, other neuropsychiatric disorders, alcoholism, or drug abuse constituted criteria for exclusion from the study. Patients and their families consented to participate in this investigation. To assess the neurobehavioral sequelae in these head-injured patients, 13 control subjects were recruited who were comparable to the patients in age (mean ± standard deviation: 24.0 ± 7.1 years), education (12.1 ± 1.7 years), and gender. TABLE 1 Demographic and clinical

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Harvey S. Levin, Steven Mattis, Ronald M. Ruff, Howard M. Eisenberg, Lawrence F. Marshall, Kamran Tabaddor, Walter M. High Jr. and Ralph F. Frankowski

screening criteria to exclude (or isolate) patients with antecedent neuropsychiatric disorder, alcoholism, or drug abuse. Nevertheless, their study was a milestone in the development of research diagnostic criteria to define a minor head injury. Studies completed in Italy 9 and New Zealand 12 that utilized control groups and excluded patients with preexisting neuropsychiatric disorder have documented recovery of cognitive function on most tests within 4 to 6 weeks after minor head injury. However, the patient characteristics and etiology of injury in these foreign